Silvia Reina

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BACKGROUND The presence of serum autoantibodies against β(1) adrenoreceptors (β(1)-ARs) in human gingival fibroblast from patients with periodontitis inhibits primary cell-specific growth and induces over-expression of pro-inflammatory mediators. Serum β(1)-AR autoantibodies from patients with periodontitis react with myocardium and modify cardiac(More)
We demonstrated the presence of circulating antibodies from Sjögren syndrome (SS) patients enable to interact with rat cerebral frontal cortex by activating muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs). IgG from SS and IgG from normal subjects were studied by flow cytometry, enzyme immunoassay (ELISA), and radioligand binding assays. By flow cytometric and(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) have increased IL-1β levels. IL-1β and other pro-inflammatory cytokines have a modulating activity on cardiac ion channels and have been associated with increased arrhythmic risk in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Likewise, adult patients with connective tissue(More)
We demonstrate that patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) produce functional IgG autoantibodies that interact with the glandular M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs). These autoantibodies act as a partial muscarinic agonist, increasing prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and cyclic AMP production through modifying Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity,(More)
The presence of serum autoantibodies in periodontitis (P) patients against β(1)-adrenoceptor (β(1)-AR), using cardiac membranes or a synthetic β(1)-AR peptide corresponding to the second extracellular loop of human β(1)-AR as antigens, permit us to detect circulating antibody from 40 P patients but not in 20 normal individuals (control). Simultaneously, the(More)
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease that targets salivary and lachrymal glands, characterized by anti-cholinergic autoantibodies directed against the M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR). The aim of this work was to evaluate if cholinergic autoantibodies contained in IgG purified from Sjögren sera could trigger apoptosis of(More)
These investigations demonstrate that serum antibodies against muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) in primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) and associated Sjögren syndrome (aSS) bind and activate both cholinergic receptors of M3 in salivary gland and M1 in neonatal myocardium and in the cerebral frontal cortex area subtypes; triggering the production of the(More)
Experimental and clinical investigations have revealed that statins can down-regulate acute and chronic inflammatory processes. Whether statins express anti-inflammatory activities in the salivary glands in patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) is not known. The in vitro and in vivo effect of atorvastatin on rat submandibular gland treated with(More)
In this paper, we have determined the effect of both muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) and exogenous prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) on PGE(2) production and cyclooxygenases (COX) mRNA gene expression on rat cerebral frontal cortex. Carbachol and PGE(2) increase endogenous PGE(2) production and the COX-1 mRNA levels by activation of PLA(2)s. The COX-1(More)
AIM In this study, we have determined signalling pathways involved in adenosine A(1) receptor (A(1) receptor)-dependent stimulation of amylase release in rat parotid gland. METHODS Amylase release, binding and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) assays, inositol phosphates (IPs) production and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in the presence of(More)