Silvia Ramírez-Peinado

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Tumors show an increased rate of glucose uptake and utilization. For this reason, glucose analogs are used to visualize tumors by the positron emission tomography technique, and inhibitors of glycolytic metabolism are being tested in clinical trials. Upregulation of glycolysis confers several advantages to tumor cells: it promotes tumor growth and has also(More)
Alveolar and embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas are childhood tumors that do not respond well to current chemotherapies. Here, we report that the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) can efficiently promote cell death in alveolar, but not embryonal, rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines. Notably, 2-DG also induced cell differentiation accompanied by downregulation of(More)
Apoptosis induced by most stimuli proceeds through the mitochondrial pathway. One such stimulus is nutrient deprivation. In this study we studied death induced by glucose deprivation in cells deficient in Bax and Bak. These cells cannot undergo mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) during apoptosis, but they undergo necrosis when treated with(More)
In response to nutrient shortage or organelle damage, cells undergo macroautophagy. Starvation of glucose, an essential nutrient, is thought to promote autophagy in mammalian cells. We thus aimed to determine the role of autophagy in cell death induced by glucose deprivation. Glucose withdrawal induces cell death that can occur by apoptosis (in Bax,(More)
Altered metabolism is a hallmark of cancer that opens new therapeutic possibilities. 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) is a non-metabolizable glucose analog tested in clinical trials and is frequently used in experimental settings to mimic glucose starvation. However, in the present study, conducted in a rhabdomyosarcoma cell line, we find that 2-DG induces classical(More)
Stress signaling in response to oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD) and ischemic injury activates a group of pro-apoptotic genes, the Bcl-2 homology domain 3 (BH3)-only proteins, which are capable of activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Targeted studies previously identified the BH3-only proteins Puma, Bim and Bid to have a role in ischemic/hypoxic(More)
Tether complexes play important roles in endo- and exocytic trafficking of lipids and proteins. In yeast, the multisubunit transport protein particle (TRAPP) tether regulates ER-Golgi, intra-Golgi transport and is also implicated in autophagy. The TRAPP complex in addition acts as a GEF for Ypt1, which is homologous to human Rab1. Here, we show that human(More)
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