Silvia Pizzi

Learn More
The Ras-association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) tumour suppressor gene is inactivated in a variety of solid tumours, usually by epigenetic silencing of the promoter and/or allelic loss of its locus at 3p21.3. RASSF1A induces cell cycle arrest through inhibition of cyclin D1 accumulation. In this work, 62 endocrine tumours from different sites in the gut were(More)
The role of Fhit protein in the oncogenesis of colorectal cancer is still in debate. Recent studies have revealed that reduced Fhit protein expression is associated with a deficiency of the mismatch repair protein. One hundred and twenty unselected patients who underwent curative resection for sporadic colorectal cancer in a three-year period were evaluated(More)
The immunohistochemical expression of the inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases p21 and p27 was investigated in 109 endocrine tumors of the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract and compared with that of Ki67 and p53. p21 was found to be scarcely expressed without significant differences between benign and malignant or between differentiated and(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular pathogenesis of poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract (GI PDECs) remains unclear. It has been suggested that these lesions either originate from multipotent stem cells that also can serve as the origin of nonendocrine adenocarcinomas or arise due to the dedifferentiation of well-differentiated(More)
Information on genetic changes involved in the progression of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) endocrine tumours is scanty. On the other hand, the identification of molecular markers of malignancy could be crucial for the prognostic evaluation of these neoplasms, which is hardly predictable on the basis of conventional histological criteria. An association of(More)
HER-2/neu overexpression and/or gene amplification occurs in several human malignancies, frequently correlates with tumor aggressiveness, and provides the basis for treatment with trastuzumab. Among neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) tract, ileal neuroendocrine tumors show peculiar features of malignancy with frequent(More)
Most foregut digestive endocrine neoplasms may be associated with the multiple endocrine type 1 (MEN-1) syndrome. In contrast, midgut/hindgut carcinoids never show such association. To investigate the pathogenetic involvement of the MEN-1 gene and of putative additional oncosuppressor gene(s) distal to it, a comparative analysis of loss of heterozygosity(More)
PURPOSE Microsatellite instability and loss of heterozygosity of chromosomes 18q, 8p, and 4p are genetic alterations commonly found in colorectal cancer. We investigated whether these genetic markers allow for the stratification of patients with Stage II to III colorectal cancer into groups with different recurrence risks, and with different prognoses. (More)
Carcinoid tumors were identified in the antro-pyloric mucosa of four patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1)/Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, accounting for 8.7% of 46 patients with this condition examined by endoscopy and histology. In contrast, no tumors were found in the antral biopsies from 124 cases of sporadic Zollinger-Ellison syndrome(More)
Association of X chromosome allelic losses with tumor malignancy has been identified in foregut but not in midgut endocrine neoplasms. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of deletions on X chromosome with malignancy in lung neuroendocrine tumors, another family of foregut neoplasms comprising four categories with increased malignancy:(More)