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Information on genetic changes involved in the progression of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) endocrine tumours is scanty. On the other hand, the identification of molecular markers of malignancy could be crucial for the prognostic evaluation of these neoplasms, which is hardly predictable on the basis of conventional histological criteria. An association of(More)
HER-2/neu overexpression and/or gene amplification occurs in several human malignancies, frequently correlates with tumor aggressiveness, and provides the basis for treatment with trastuzumab. Among neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) tract, ileal neuroendocrine tumors show peculiar features of malignancy with frequent(More)
The immunohistochemical expression of the inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases p21 and p27 was investigated in 109 endocrine tumors of the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract and compared with that of Ki67 and p53. p21 was found to be scarcely expressed without significant differences between benign and malignant or between differentiated and(More)
The Ras-association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) tumour suppressor gene is inactivated in a variety of solid tumours, usually by epigenetic silencing of the promoter and/or allelic loss of its locus at 3p21.3. RASSF1A induces cell cycle arrest through inhibition of cyclin D1 accumulation. In this work, 62 endocrine tumours from different sites in the gut were(More)
Most foregut digestive endocrine neoplasms may be associated with the multiple endocrine type 1 (MEN-1) syndrome. In contrast, midgut/hindgut carcinoids never show such association. To investigate the pathogenetic involvement of the MEN-1 gene and of putative additional oncosuppressor gene(s) distal to it, a comparative analysis of loss of heterozygosity(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance of Mtwo NiTi rotary instruments after clinical use by 1 experienced and 1 novice operator. MATERIAL/METHODS Cyclic fatigue testing of instruments was performed on tapered artificial canals with a 5 mm radius of curvature and 60° angle of curvature. Twenty Mtwo instruments(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular pathogenesis of poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract (GI PDECs) remains unclear. It has been suggested that these lesions either originate from multipotent stem cells that also can serve as the origin of nonendocrine adenocarcinomas or arise due to the dedifferentiation of well-differentiated(More)
The role of Wnt pathway in digestive endocrine tumours is debated. The aim of this work is to investigate key players in Wnt pathway by a multimodal approach. Sixty cases (49 well-differentiated and 11 poorly differentiated) were investigated for methylation of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and E-cadherin promoters, the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK Among hospital facilities the dental unit is an environment that is at major risk of Legionella due to equipment such as the air/water syringe, the turbine, the micromotor and the scaler which generate potentially harmful aerosols that may to be a source of exposure to Legionella spp. particularly in immunodeficient patients,(More)
PURPOSE The X and Y chromosomes have been associated with malignancy in different types of human tumors. This study attempts to determine the involvement of X chromosome and pseudoautosomal regions (PAR) in sporadic colorectal carcinogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN An allelotyping of X chromosome in 20 premalignant and 22 malignant sporadic colorectal tumors(More)