Silvia Pescina

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Proteins and oligonucleotides represent powerful tools for the treatment of several ocular diseases, affecting both anterior and posterior eye segments. Despite the potential of these compounds, their administration remains a challenge. The last years have seen a growing interest for the noninvasive administration of macromolecular drugs, but still there is(More)
Trans-scleral delivery is nowadays considered as a possible way to deliver drugs to the posterior segment of the eye. Despite the potentiality of this administration route, there is a lack of fundamental knowledge on the role of the numerous barriers involved. The aim of this work was to develop an easy and cheap ex vivo method to evaluate the barrier(More)
Oligonucleotides represent a subject of clinical interest due to their potential ability to treat several diseases, including those affecting the posterior segment of the eye. Unfortunately, therapeutic oligonucleotides are currently administered by means of highly invasive approaches, such as intravitreal injections. The aim of the present work was to(More)
In this paper, an ex vivo model for the study of the transcorneal permeation of drugs, based on porcine tissues, was evaluated. The setup is characterized by ease of realization, absence of O₂ and CO₂ bubbling and low cost; additionally, the large availability of porcine tissue permits a high throughput. Histological images showed the comparability between(More)
The role of cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) has been challenged in recent years for drug delivery to ocular tissues for the targeting of both anterior and posterior segments. The enhancement of trans-corneal transport for anterior segment targeting is a very important issue possibly leading to important outcomes on efficacy and to the opportunity of(More)
The aim of this work was to develop an innovative microemulsion with gel-like properties for the cutaneous delivery of imiquimod, an immunostimulant drug employed for the treatment of cutaneous infections and neoplastic conditions. A pseudoternary phase diagram was built using a 1/1 TPGS (d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate)/Transcutol mixture(More)
The aim of the work was to study in vitro, across isolated porcine sclera and across the trilayer sclera-choroid-Bruch's membrane (SCB), the effect of iontophoresis on the permeation of a 40 kDa dextran (FD-40), chosen as model compound of high molecular weight neutral drugs. In particular, the effect of vehicle composition (in terms of buffering agent and(More)
The aim of the present paper was the development of semi-solid (hydrogels) and solid (film) ophthalmic formulations for the controlled release of two mydriatics: phenylephrine and tropicamide. The formulations - based on polyvinylalcohol and hyaluronic acid - were characterized, and release studies were performed with three different in vitro set-ups, i.e.(More)
The affinity of a drug to a biological membrane can affect the distribution and the availability of the active compound to its target. Adsorption is usually determined with in vitro distribution studies based on partitioning of the drug between buffer and tissue, which have limitations such as the high variability of the uptake data and the need for high(More)
Trans-scleral iontophoresis, i.e. the application of small electric current to enhance drug transport across sclera is an option for non-invasive delivery of corticosteroids to the posterior segment of the eye. In this paper, in vitro trans-scleral iontophoresis of methylprednisolone hemisuccinate was investigated using concentrated drug solutions and short(More)