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CONTEXT Zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a soluble protein similar to the class I major histocompatibility complex heavy chain, which has been implicated in lipid catabolism. We hypothesized that ZAG mRNA expression in adipose tissue may be linked with lipolytic and adipokine gene expression and have a close relationship with clinical phenotype. (More)
Plasma acutephase protein pentraxin 3 (PTX3) concentration is dysregulated in human obesity and metabolic syndrome. Here, we explore its relationship with insulin secretion and sensitivity, obesity markers, and adipose tissue PTX3 gene expression. Plasma PTX3 protein levels were analyzed in a cohort composed of 27 lean [body mass index (BMI) ≤ 25 kg/m(2)](More)
CONTEXT Lipocalin-2 and adipocyte fatty-acid-binding protein (A-FABP or FABP4) are adipokines potentially involved in the pathophysiology of obesity and metabolic syndrome in adults. In children, they have been scarcely studied. OBJECTIVE To analyze lipocalin-2 and A-FABP circulating levels before and after 2 years of a dieting and lifestyle intervention(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate fetal antigen 1 (FA1) protein within the context of human obesity and its relation with insulin sensitivity. SUBJECTS Cross-sectional study that analyses circulating levels of FA1 in two selected human cohorts: n=127 men for the study of FA1 circulating levels in the context of obesity and insulin sensitivity (S(i)); and n=61(More)
Robotics is expected to boom in the near future, moving massively beyond traditional application areas, and extending to all parts of the globe. Thus, in order to enable effective international customization of robot designs, and in order to facilitate their smoother harmonious introduction to everyday life, it is important to study the opinions and(More)
CONTEXT LPIN1 is the phosphatidic acid phosphatase that produces 1,2-diacylglycerol, and thus it is related to the synthesis of triglycerides in the adipocyte. LPIN1 has a role in lipid synthesis and nuclear receptor coactivation, both of which may be involved in lipid homeostasis and metabolism. Among others, hypoxia and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the inflammatory axis mediated by tumour necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its scavenger receptor CD163 during pregnancy and their influence on insulin sensitivity in normal pregnancy and in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and thirty seven women with one singleton(More)
To study whether FGF21 was present in cord blood and explore its relationship with maternal variables and postnatal growth. The study included 157 pregnant women at the beginning of the third trimester; 79 with gestational diabetes (GDM), 78 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), and their offspring. Glucose metabolism was assessed by oral glucose tolerance(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to analyze the role of cord blood adiponectin and its multimeric forms in neonatal adiposity and fetal growth velocity (FGV) during the third trimester of pregnancy according to fetal gender. STUDY DESIGN This was a prospective analytical observational study conducted at the Diabetes and Pregnancy Unit, University Hospital Joan XXIII,(More)