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The myocardial no-reflow phenomenon is characterized by a reduced antegrade myocardial blood flow despite an open infarct-related artery in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Importantly, no-reflow is known to be associated with unfavorable clinical outcome and prognosis. It is a complex(More)
Resistance of Helicobacter pylori to clarithromycin occurs with a prevalence ranging from 0 to 15%. This has an important clinical impact on dual and triple therapies, in which clarithromycin seems to be the better choice to achieve H. pylori eradication. In order to evaluate the possibility of new mechanisms of clarithromycin resistance, a PCR assay that(More)
The emergence of KPC-producing K. pneumoniae has now become a global concern. KPC beta-lactamases are plasmid-borne and, like extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBLs), can accumulate and transfer resistance determinants to other classes of antibiotics. Therefore, infection control guidelines on early identification and control of the spread of organisms(More)
BACKGROUND Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are a major cause of nosocomial blood stream infection, especially in critically ill and haematology patients. CoNS are usually multidrug-resistant and glycopeptide antibiotics have been to date considered the drugs of choice for treatment. The aim of this study was to characterize CoNS with reduced(More)
This study is a critical analysis of certain amplification assays for detecting Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections which have demonstrated that the plasmid-free variant of C. trachomatis is frequently responsible for infection in our patients. Specifically, we evaluated the performance of the strand displacement amplification (SDA)(More)
BACKGROUND The nosocomial infections surveillance system must be strongly effective especially in highly critic areas, such as Intensive Care Units (ICU). These areas are frequently an epidemiological epicentre for transmission of multi-resistant pathogens, like Acinetobacter baumannii. As an epidemic outbreak occurs it is very important to confirm or(More)
BACKGROUND No reflow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention is a dynamic process and its reversibility may affect left ventricular (LV) remodeling. We aimed at assessing in-hospital evolution of angiographic no reflow, predictors of its reversibility, and its impact on LV function at follow-up (FU). METHODS Fifty-three consecutive patients (age,(More)
BACKGROUND Large-volume culture methods for sterile body fluids employing automated blood-culture systems increase the recovery of microorganisms compared with traditional plate medium methods. However, in many instances a laboratory receives only small-volume samples. MATERIAL/METHODS The URO-QUICK system (now HBandL), originally used to process urine(More)
OBJECTIVE we assessed the association between baseline eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels, a sensitive marker of eosinophil activation, and clinical outcome in patients undergoing bare metal stent (BMS) implantation. METHODS basal ECP levels were measured in 110 patients (69±11 years, 88 men) undergoing BMS implantation. Major adverse cardiac events(More)