Silvia M Bernabei

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Familial hypercholesterolemia is an autosomal codominant disorder associated with markedly elevated plasma concentration of LDL-cholesterol and increased cardiovascular risk. Homozygous patients have rapid development of atherosclerosis with death from cardiovascular disease even in childhood. Life-long recurrent apheresis to reduce plasma LDL-cholesterol(More)
Dietary management of 418 adult patients with galactosaemia (from 39 centres/12 countries) was compared. All centres advised lactose restriction, 6 restricted galactose from galactosides ± fruits and vegetables and 12 offal. 38% (n=15) relaxed diet by: 1) allowing traces of lactose in manufactured foods (n=13) or 2) giving fruits, vegetables and(More)
BACKGROUND There is no published data comparing dietary management of urea cycle disorders (UCD) in different countries. METHODS Cross-sectional data from 41 European Inherited Metabolic Disorder (IMD) centres (17 UK, 6 France, 5 Germany, 4 Belgium, 4 Portugal, 2 Netherlands, 1 Denmark, 1 Italy, 1 Sweden) was collected by questionnaire describing(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most frequent cause of hypoglycemia in children. In addition to increased peripheral glucose utilization, dysregulated insulin secretion induces profound hypoglycemia and neuroglycopenia by inhibiting glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and lipolysis. This results in the shortage of all cerebral energy(More)
Non ketotic hyperglycinemia is a rare inborn error of glycine metabolism due to deficient activity of glycine cleavage system, a multienzymatic complex consisting of four protein subunits: the P-protein, the H-protein, the T-protein and the L-protein. The neonatal form of non ketotic hyperglycinemia presents in the first days of life with encephalopathy,(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary aim of this study was to assess cognitive development, in particular that of executive functions (EFs), and behavioral findings for patients with early treated phenylketonuria (PKU). Furthermore, we evaluated the relationships of our findings with plasma levels of Phe and adherence to dietary prescriptions. METHODS A cross-sectional(More)
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