Silvia Josefina López-Pérez

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Monosodium glutamate (MSG) administered to neonatal rats during the first week of life induces a neurodegenerative process, which is represented by several neurochemical alterations of surviving neurons in the brain, where signalling mediated by GABA is essential for excitation threshold maintenance. GABA-positive cells, [(3)H]-GABA uptake, expression of(More)
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) produces neurodegeneration in several brain regions when it is administered to neonatal rats. From an early embryonic age to adulthood, GABA neurons appear to have functional glutamatergic receptors, which could convert them in an important target for excitotoxic neurodegeneration. Changes in the activity of the GABA synthesizing(More)
Excessive release of L-glutamic acid (glu) has been associated with seizures and epilepsy. Some microdialysis studies have demonstrated an increase in glu levels during seizures both in human and in different animal models of experimental epilepsy. With these techniques it is difficult to monitor the glu concentrations with sufficient time resolution to(More)
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) subcutaneously administrated to neonatal rats induces several neurochemical alterations in the brain, which have been associated with an excitotoxic process triggered by an over activation of glutamate receptors; however there are few systematic studies about initial changes in intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) Glu levels produced(More)
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder produced by an imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission, in which transporters of both glutamate and GABA have been implicated. Hence, at different times after local administration of the convulsive drug 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) we analyzed the expression of EAAT-3 and GAT-1 transporter proteins in(More)
Microdialysis coupled to HPLC is the preferred method for quantification of glutamate (Glu) concentrations, both in normal and pathological conditions. However, HPLC is a time consuming technique that suffers from poor temporal resolution. Here we describe an alternative method to measure glutamate concentrations in small-volume dialysis samples by(More)
Hypoxia at birth is a major source of brain damage and it is associated with serious neurological sequelae in survivors. Alterations in the extracellular turnover of glutamate (Glu) and acetylcholine (ACh), two neurotransmitters that are essential for normal hippocampal function and learning and memory processes, may contribute to some of the neurological(More)
Monosodium l-glutamate (MSG) was administered subcutaneously to male neonatal rats, and the effect on developmental profile of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), D1, D2 receptors, and dopamine (DA) transporter expression in the striatum was examined using Western blot. In addition, TH-immunopositive neurons at substantia nigra (SN) were also examined. MSG treatment(More)
We describe a rotatory electrical device that permits the simultaneous microdialysis and electroencephalographic (EEG) recording, by means of bipolar electrodes attached to the microdialysis probe, in two brain regions of awake rats. Using this device, we have found that the microdialysis infusion of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) in the motor cerebral cortex(More)
One of the most important manifestations of perinatal asphyxia is the occurrence of seizures, which are treated with antiepileptic drugs, such as carbamazepine. These early seizures, combined with pharmacological treatments, may influence the development of dopaminergic neurotransmission in the frontal cortex. This study aimed to determine the extracellular(More)