Silvia Grifoni

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder consisting of progressive loss of motor neurons. TDP-43 has been identified as a component of ubiquitin-immunoreactive inclusions of motor neurons in ALS. We focused on the diffuse cytoplasmic TDP-43 immunoreactivity in ALS neurons, and quantitatively assessed it in comparison with(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is generally considered to be a paradigm of pure motor neuron disorder; nevertheless, the possible occurrence of cognitive impairment up to a frank dementia in patients affected by ALS is recognized. The appraisal of the cognitive impairment in ALS patients is crucial not only to the therapeutic trials of this incurable(More)
BACKGROUND Progranulin (PGRN) is a fundamental neurotrophic factor, and is also involved in inflammation and wound repair. PGRN may have pro- or anti-inflammatory properties, depending upon proteolysis of the anti-inflammatory parent PGRN protein and the generation of pro-inflammatory granulin peptides. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were as follows: (1) to(More)
TDP-43, encoded by TARDBP, is a ubiquitously expressed, primarily nuclear protein. In recent years, TDP-43 has been identified as the major pathological protein in ALS due to its mislocalisation in the cytoplasm of motor neurons of patients with and without TARDBP mutations and expression in forms that do not match its predicted molecular weight. In this(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Recent studies showed that TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43), encoded by the TARDBP gene, is a major pathological protein in both sporadic and familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). The aim of this study was to search for mutations of the TARDBP gene in the disease. METHODS We sequenced the TARDBP gene in 172 unrelated FTLD(More)
The diagnosis of astroblastoma is based on a typical histological aspect with perivascular distribution of cells sending cytoplasmic extensions to the vessels and vascular hyalinization. These criteria are useful for standardizing the identification of the tumor, but, in spite of this, there are discrepancies in the literature concerning the age(More)
Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) type A is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by sphingomyelin (SM) accumulation in lysosomes relying on reduced or absent acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity. NPD-A patients develop progressive neurodegeneration including cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, relevant Purkinje cell and myelin deficiency with death within 3 years.(More)
Although a large number of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients have undergone transplantation procedures with olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) in the Bejing Hospital, to our knowledge, no post-mortem neuropathologic analyses have been performed. We examined the post-mortem brain of two Italian patients affected by ALS who underwent cellular(More)
Previously, myelin from cerebral white matter (CWM) of two subjects of a family with orthochromatic adult-onset autosomal-dominant leukodystrophy (ADLD) was disclosed to exhibit defective large isoform of myelin-associated glycoprotein (L-MAG) and patchy distribution only in the elder subject. L-MAG and neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) (N-CAM 180, 140,(More)