Silvia Garbelli

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In this work we show that patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis exhibit immunological alterations in their blood, with respect to healthy controls, such as: i) increased levels of CD4+ cells and decreased levels of CD8+ T lymphocytes, the latter due to the reduced expression of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl-2; ii) significantly reduced(More)
Vitiligo patients possess high frequencies of circulating CD8+ T lymphocytes specific for the melanocyte differentiation antigen Melan-A/MART-1. These self-specific T cells exhibit intact functional properties and their T cell receptors are selected for a narrow range of high affinities of antigen recognition, suggesting their important role in the(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal progressive motor neuron disease, for which there are still no diagnostic/prognostic test and therapy. Specific molecular biomarkers are urgently needed to facilitate clinical studies and speed up the development of effective treatments. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We used a two-dimensional(More)
Vitiligo is a common skin disease characterized by the presence of well circumscribed, depigmented, milky white macules devoid of identifiable melanocytes. Although the detection of circulating anti-melanocytic antibodies and of infiltrating lymphocytes at the margin of lesions supports the view that vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder, its etiology remains(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) pp65 protein is the major constituent of viral dense bodies but is dispensable for viral growth in vitro. pp65 copurifies with a S/T kinase activity and has been implicated in phosphorylation of HCMV IE1 immediate-early protein and its escape from major histocompatibility complex 1 presentation. Furthermore, the presence of pp65(More)
Increased levels of 3-nitrotyrosine in the central nervous system have been found in patients and mouse models of familial ALS (fALS), suggesting a possible use of nitrated proteins as biomarkers. We analyzed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), easily accessible samples, from sporadic ALS (sALS) patients and a rat model of fALS (a) to establish(More)
Although there has been extensive analysis on the capacity of MHC-peptide tetramers to bind antigen-specific TCR, there have been comparatively few studies regarding the role of the CD4 and CD8 co-receptors in binding and activation by these multimeric molecules. Here, we start from the observation that different antibodies against human CD8 exert opposite(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) induces a transient mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from bone marrow to peripheral blood. Our aim was to evaluate safety of repeated courses of G-CSF in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), assessing disease progression and changes in chemokine and cytokine levels in serum and(More)
Vitiligo is a relatively common progressive depigmentary condition that is believed to be due to the autoimmune-mediated loss of epidermal melanocytes. An interesting aspect of vitiligo is its relation to melanoma: cytotoxic T lymphocytes directed to self-antigens shared by normal melanocytes and melanoma cells are found in both conditions and might prove(More)
TCRand chains are composed of somatically rearranged V, D, and J germline-encoded gene segments that confer Ag specificity. Recent crystallographic analyses revealed that TCRhas more contacts with peptide than TCR, suggesting the possibility that peptide recognition predominantly relies on TCR. T cells specific for the self Ag Melan-A/MART-1 possess an(More)