Silvia Garavaglia

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Laccase is a multicopper blue oxidase that couples the four-electron reduction of oxygen with the oxidation of a broad range of organic substrates, including phenols and arylamines. The enzyme is the object of intense biotechnological research, due to its employment in bioremediation of soils and water as well as in other biotechnological applications. We(More)
Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NMNAT), a member of the nucleotidyltransferase alpha/beta-phosphodiesterases superfamily, catalyzes a universal step (NMN + ATP = NAD + PP(i)) in NAD biosynthesis. Localized within the nucleus, the activity of the human enzyme is greatly altered in tumor cells, rendering it a promising target for cancer(More)
NADP is essential for biosynthetic pathways, energy, and signal transduction. In living organisms, NADP biosynthesis proceeds through the phosphorylation of NAD with a reaction catalyzed by NAD kinase. We expressed, purified, and characterized Bacillus subtilis NAD kinase. This enzyme represents a new member of the inorganic polyphosphate [poly(P)]/ATP NAD(More)
Laccases are multicopper oxidases in which substrate oxidation takes place at the type-1 (T1) copper site. The redox potential (E (0)) significantly varies amongst members of the family and is a key parameter for substrate specificity. Despite sharing highly conserved features at the T1 copper site, laccases span a large range of E (0), suggesting that the(More)
Nicotinamide/nicotinic acid mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NMNAT) has long been known as the master enzyme in NAD biosynthesis in living organisms. A burst of investigations on NMNAT, going beyond enzymology, have paralleled increasing discoveries of key roles played by NAD homeostasis in a number or patho-physiological conditions. The availability of(More)
The enzyme alpha-amino-beta-carboxymuconate-epsilon-semialdehyde decarboxylase (ACMSD) is a zinc-dependent amidohydrolase that participates in picolinic acid (PA), quinolinic acid (QA) and NAD homeostasis. Indeed, the enzyme stands at a branch point of the tryptophan to NAD pathway, and determines the final fate of the amino acid, i.e. transformation into(More)
Fluctuations in the brain levels of the neuromodulator kynurenic acid may control cognitive processes and play a causative role in several catastrophic brain diseases. Elimination of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate dependent enzyme kynurenine aminotransferase II reduces cerebral kynurenic acid synthesis and has procognitive effects. The present description of(More)
Laccases are polyphenol oxidases which oxidize a broad range of reducing substrates, preferably phenolic compounds, and their use in biotechnological applications is increasing. Recently, the first X-ray structure of active laccase from white rot fungus Rigidoporus lignosus has been reported containing a full complement of copper ions. Comparison among(More)
NAD kinase catalyzes the magnesium-dependent phosphorylation of NAD, representing the sole source of freshly synthesized NADP in all organisms. The enzyme is essential for the growth of the deadly multidrug-resistant pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is an attractive target for novel antitubercular agents. The crystal structure of NAD kinase has been(More)
Kynurenic acid is an endogenous neuroactive compound whose unbalancing is involved in the pathogenesis and progression of several neurological diseases. Kynurenic acid synthesis in the human brain is sustained by the catalytic activity of two kynurenine aminotransferases, hKAT I and hKAT II. A wealth of pharmacological data highlight hKAT II as a sensible(More)