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OBJECTIVE A trial was performed to establish whether our group care model for lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes can be exported to other clinics. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study was a 4-year, two-armed, multicenter controlled trial in 13 hospital-based diabetes clinics in Italy (current controlled trials no. ISRCTN19509463). A total of 815(More)
The aim of the present study was to clarify whether factor H mutations were involved in genetic predisposition to hemolytic uremic syndrome, by performing linkage and mutation studies in a large number of patients from those referred to the Italian Registry for Recurrent and Familial HUS/TTP. PCR and Western blot analyses were conducted to characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with Takayasu arteritis, circulating lymphocytes are activated, and histological findings indicate that cell-mediated immunity plays an important role in the pathogenetic sequence leading to vascular lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS To delineate the profile of inflammatory and chemoattractant cytokines involved in T-cell activation in(More)
A case of non-ketotic hyperglycaemic-hyperosmolar diabetic coma in a 8 yr. old boy after a severe mental trauma is reported. This joins the 18 similar cases of paediatric age published up to now. On the basis of the results of virological and immunological investigations, insulinogenic function and psychodiagnosis, the diagnosis, aetiopathogenesis and(More)
In circulating lymphocytes from patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) subnormal pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity returns to normal following patient treatment with sulfonylurea (gliclazide, 80 mg twice daily/5 weeks). Moreover, in vitro in cells from diabetic patients exposed to insulin at 50 microU/mL PDH activation also(More)
AIMS In circulating lymphocytes of NIDDM patients pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), the major determinant in glucose consumption through oxidative pathways, is poorly active. The aim of this study is to examine whether sulphonylurea drug treatment revives PDH activity in circulating lymphocytes from NIDDM patients. METHODS Twenty normal-weight individuals(More)
The conception of a specific association between maturity-onset diabetes and manic-depressive psychosis, on a common basis with diencephalic functional obesity, has been recently taken again in consideration by the psychiatric literature. Investigations on this problem from diabetological point of view have been so far completely lacking, and are proposed(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyse and compare the costs involved in screening for and treating sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in three different clinical settings. In the first setting, diabetologists screened using ophthalmoscopy and color photography, according to the St. Vincent Declaration guidelines, and selected patients for further(More)
Antithyroid drugs may be proposed as the firstline therapy for hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease since some patients undergo prolonged remission after drug withdrawal. On the other hand, some studies, though controversial, indicated that methimazole (MMI) has some immunomodulating activity. We retrospectively analyzed 384 consecutive patients newly(More)