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Integrating electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies enables to non-invasively investigate human brain function and to find the direct correlation of these two important measures of brain activity. Presurgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy is one of the areas where EEG and fMRI integration has considerable(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) activation during somatosensory electrical stimulation of the median nerve in acute stroke patients and to determine its correlation with ischemic damage and clinical recovery over time. METHODS Fourteen acute stroke patients underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a resting-state condition can reveal the co-activation of specific brain regions in distributed networks, called resting-state networks, which are selected by independent component analysis (ICA) of the fMRI data. One of the major difficulties with component analysis is the automatic selection of the ICA(More)
Evaluation of consciousness needs to be supported by the evidence of brain activation during external stimulation in patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS). Assessment of patients should include techniques that do not depend on overt motor responses and allow an objective investigation of the spontaneous patterns of brain activity. In(More)
The purpose of the present work was to investigate the correlation between topographical changes in brain oscillatory activity and the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal during a motor imagery (MI) task using electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) coregistration. EEG was recorded in 7 healthy subjects(More)
PURPOSE To assess the applicability of arterial spin labeling (ASL) in comparison to blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast fMRI in detecting brain activations elicited by active and passive hand movements. MATERIALS AND METHODS A block design for ASL and BOLD fMRI was applied in 8 healthy subjects using active and passive hand tasks. Data(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) induces prolonged functional changes in the cerebral cortex in normal conditions and in altered states of consciousness. Its therapeutic effects have been variously documented. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the reactivity of electroencephalography (EEG) and the clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Tailoring the epileptic cortex is the key issue in the pre-surgical work-up of patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Not always, however, the conventional MRI and the scalp EEG are able to provide the information needed to address this issue since the imaging may be normal (criptogenetic epilepsy) and the EEG, even ictal, poorly(More)
When localization of the epileptic focus is uncertain, the epileptic activity generator may be more accurately identified with non-invasive imaging techniques which could also serve to guide stereo-electroencephalography (sEEG) electrode implantation. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of perfusion magnetic resonance imaging with(More)
PURPOSE To verify whether in patients with partial epilepsy and routine electroenecephalogram (EEG) showing focal interictal slow-wave discharges without spikes combined EEG-functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) would localize the corresponding epileptogenic focus, thus providing reliable information on the epileptic source. METHODS Eight patients(More)