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Paclitaxel is used to treat breast cancers, but the mechanisms by which it induces apoptosis are poorly understood. Consequently, we have studied the role of the FoxO transcription factors in determining cellular response to paclitaxel. Western blotting revealed that in a panel of nine breast cancer cell lines expression of FoxO1a and FoxO3a correlated with(More)
In this study, we have used the human BV173 and the mouse BaF3/Bcr-Abl-expressing cell lines as model systems to investigate the molecular mechanisms whereby STI571 and FoxO3a regulate Bim expression and apoptosis. FoxO3a lies downstream of Bcr-Abl signalling and is constitutively phosphorylated in the Bcr-Abl-positive BV173 and BaF3/Bcr-Abl cells.(More)
The FoxO forkhead transcription factors FoxO4 (AFX), FoxO3a (FKHR.L1), and FoxO1a (FKHR) represent important physiological targets of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) signaling. Overexpression or conditional activation of FoxO factors is able to antagonize many responses to constitutive PI3K/PKB activation including its effect on(More)
The phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt signal pathway plays a key role in the tumorigenesis of many cancers and in the subsequent development of drug resistance. Using the K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell line and the doxorubicin-resistant derivative lines KD30 and KD225 as models, we observed that enhanced PI3K/Akt activity and the(More)
Cell cycle arrest by FoxO transcription factors involves transcriptional repression of cyclin D, although the exact mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we used the BCR-ABL-expressing cell line BV173 as a model system to investigate the mechanisms whereby FoxO3a regulates cyclin D2 expression. Inhibition of BCR-ABL by STI571 results in down-regulation(More)
Menstruation, or cyclic shedding of nonpregnant endometrial tissue with associated bleeding, occurs only in humans and a few other species. This breakdown of the endometrium in response to falling ovarian progesterone levels is a complex process, characterized by local leukocyte infiltration, expression and activation of matrix metalloproteinases, and(More)
All cardinal events during the reproductive cycle, including ovulation, implantation, and menstruation, are characterized by a profound tissue remodeling and an associated local inflammatory response. The ovarian hormone progesterone is a key modulator of inflammatory signals in reproductive tissues, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In(More)
To defend against the potential damages induced by reactive oxygen species, proliferating cells enter a transient cell cycle arrest. We treated mouse fibroblasts with H(2)O(2) and found that sublethal doses of H(2)O(2) induced a transient multi-phase cell cycle arrest at the G(1), S, and G(2) phases but not the M phase. Western blot analysis demonstrated(More)
The Rho GTPase family member RhoE inhibits RhoA/ROCK signaling to promote actin stress fiber and focal adhesion disassembly. We have previously reported that RhoE also inhibits cell cycle progression and Ras-induced transformation, specifically preventing cyclin D1 translation. Here we investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying those observations. RhoE(More)
After acute infection Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific memory CD8+ T cells exit cell cycle, and a proportion of these antigen-experienced cells re-express CD45RA (CD45 which predominantly express exon A). However, the signals involved are not known. We investigated the roles of interleukin 15 (IL-15) and interferon-alpha/beta (IFN-I) in these processes,(More)