Silvia Daun-Gruhn

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This article presents the use of continuous dynamic models in the form of differential equations to describe and predict temporal changes in biological processes and discusses several of its important advantages over discontinuous bistable ones, exemplified on the stick insect walking system. In this system, coordinated locomotion is produced by concerted(More)
The biomechanical conditions for walking in the stick insect require a modeling approach that is based on the control of pairs of antagonistic motoneuron (MN) pools for each leg joint by independent central pattern generators (CPGs). Each CPG controls a pair of antagonistic MN pools. Furthermore, specific sensory feedback signals play an important role in(More)
Animal locomotion requires highly coordinated working of the segmental neuronal networks that control the limb movements. Experiments have shown that sensory signals originating from the extremities play a pivotal role in controlling locomotion patterns by acting on central networks. Based on the results from stick insect locomotion, we constructed an(More)
The analysis of inter-leg coordination in insect walking is generally a study of six-legged locomotion. For decades, the stick insect Carausius morosus has been instrumental for unravelling the rules and mechanisms that control leg coordination in hexapeds. We analysed inter-leg coordination in C. morosus that freely walked on straight paths on plane(More)
Models built using mean data can represent only a very small percentage, or none, of the population being modeled, and produce different activity than any member of it. Overcoming this “averaging” pitfall requires measuring, in single individuals in single experiments, all of the system’s defining characteristics. We have developed protocols that allow all(More)
Legged locomotion requires that information local to one leg, and inter-segmental signals coming from the other legs are processed appropriately to establish a coordinated walking pattern.However, very little is known about the relative importance of local and inter-segmental signals when they converge upon the central pattern generators (CPGs) of different(More)
Locomotion of stick insects has been intensively studied for many years. These studies made use of both beha-vioural [1,2] and electrophysiological e.g. [3,4] methods. In addition, models have been constructed to mimic the locomotion (normal walking) of these insects e.g. [5]. All these studies have substantially advanced our knowledge on insect locomotion.(More)
Searching movements, beside locomotion, are, perhaps, the most important motor activities of the front legs in stick insects. In a recent study [1], the kinematics of these movements were thoroughly investigated. In these experiments the animal was restricted such that its front leg could freely move in the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of(More)
The neuronal networks that control the motion of the individual legs in insects, in particular in the stick insect, are located in the pro-, meso- and meta-thoracic ganglia. They ensure high flexibility of movement control. Thus, the legs can move in an apparently independent way, e.g., during search movements, but also in tight coordination during(More)
Recent experimental results suggest that impairment of auditory information processing in the thalamo-cortical loop is crucially related to schizophrenia. Large differences between schizophrenia patients and healthy controls were found in the cortical EEG signals. We derive a phenomenological mathematical model, based on coupled phase oscillators with(More)