Silvia Capuani

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Nowadays Nuclear Magnetic Resonance diffusion (dNMR) measurements of water molecules in heterogeneous systems have broad applications in material science, biophysics and medicine. Up to now, microstructural rearrangement in media has been experimentally investigated by studying the diffusion coefficient (D(t)) behavior in the tortuosity limit. However, this(More)
PURPOSE To develop a reliable technique for diffusion imaging of the human spinal cord at 1.5 Tesla and to assess potential differences in diffusion anisotropy in cross-sectional images. MATERIALS AND METHODS A single-shot echo-planar imaging sequence with double spin-echo diffusion preparation was optimized regarding cerebrospinal fluid artifacts,(More)
A new method to investigate anomalous diffusion in human brain, inspired by the stretched-exponential model proposed by Hall and Barrick, is proposed here, together with a discussion about its potential application to cerebral white matter characterization. Aim of the work was to show the ability of anomalous diffusion indices to characterize white matter(More)
Recently, we measured two anomalous diffusion (AD) parameters: the spatial and the temporal AD indices, called γ and α, respectively, by using spectroscopic pulse gradient field methods. We showed that γ quantifies pseudo-superdiffusion processes, while α quantifies subdiffusion processes. Here, we propose γ and α maps obtained in a controlled heterogeneous(More)
The departure from purely mono-exponential decay of the signal, as observed from brain tissue following a diffusion-sensitized sequence, has prompted the search for alternative models to characterize these unconventional water diffusion dynamics. Several approaches have been proposed in the last few years. While multi-exponential models have been applied to(More)
In this paper, we investigate the image contrast that characterizes anomalous and non-gaussian diffusion images obtained using the stretched exponential model. This model is based on the introduction of the γ stretched parameter, which quantifies deviation from the mono-exponential decay of diffusion signal as a function of the b-value. To date, the(More)
—In this paper, a new fractional order generalization of the diffusion equation is developed to describe the anisotropy of anomalous diffusion that is often observed in brain tissues using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The new model embeds three different fractional order exponents—corresponding to the principal directions of water diffusion—into the(More)
Spatial susceptibility variations of body components lead to local gradients of the static magnetic field. Effects of such background gradients on fractional diffusion anisotropy (FA) measurements on whole-body magnetic resonance units operating at 1.5, 3.0 and 7.0 T were analyzed theoretically and experimentally. Analytical expressions were derived for the(More)
The development of smartphones, specifically their cameras, and imaging technologies has enabled their use as sensors/measurement tools. Here we aimed to evaluate the applicability of a fast and noninvasive method for the estimation of total chlorophyll (Chl), Chl a, Chl b, and carotenoids (Car) content of soybean plants using a smartphone camera. Single(More)
A multiple spin-echo (MSE) sequence has been applied for the first time to study trabecular bone ex vivo. The second echo generated by the demagnetizing field presents discrete drops in signal intensity for certain values of the pitch of the magnetization helix created by the correlation gradient. These dips may reflect characteristic pore sizes in the(More)