Silvia Capuani

Learn More
Nowadays Nuclear Magnetic Resonance diffusion (dNMR) measurements of water molecules in heterogeneous systems have broad applications in material science, biophysics and medicine. Up to now, microstructural rearrangement in media has been experimentally investigated by studying the diffusion coefficient (D(t)) behavior in the tortuosity limit. However, this(More)
A new method to investigate anomalous diffusion in human brain, inspired by the stretched-exponential model proposed by Hall and Barrick, is proposed here, together with a discussion about its potential application to cerebral white matter characterization. Aim of the work was to show the ability of anomalous diffusion indices to characterize white matter(More)
PURPOSE To develop a reliable technique for diffusion imaging of the human spinal cord at 1.5 Tesla and to assess potential differences in diffusion anisotropy in cross-sectional images. MATERIALS AND METHODS A single-shot echo-planar imaging sequence with double spin-echo diffusion preparation was optimized regarding cerebrospinal fluid artifacts,(More)
The departure from purely mono-exponential decay of the signal, as observed from brain tissue following a diffusion-sensitized sequence, has prompted the search for alternative models to characterize these unconventional water diffusion dynamics. Several approaches have been proposed in the last few years. While multi-exponential models have been applied to(More)
Recently, we measured two anomalous diffusion (AD) parameters: the spatial and the temporal AD indices, called γ and α, respectively, by using spectroscopic pulse gradient field methods. We showed that γ quantifies pseudo-superdiffusion processes, while α quantifies subdiffusion processes. Here, we propose γ and α maps obtained in a controlled heterogeneous(More)
In this paper, we describe nuclear magnetic resonance measurements of water diffusion in highly confined and heterogeneous colloidal systems using an anomalous diffusion model. For the first time, temporal and spatial fractional exponents, α and μ, introduced within the framework of continuous time random walk, are simultaneously measured by pulsed gradient(More)
In this paper, we investigate the image contrast that characterizes anomalous and non-gaussian diffusion images obtained using the stretched exponential model. This model is based on the introduction of the γ stretched parameter, which quantifies deviation from the mono-exponential decay of diffusion signal as a function of the b-value. To date, the(More)
—In this paper, a new fractional order generalization of the diffusion equation is developed to describe the anisotropy of anomalous diffusion that is often observed in brain tissues using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The new model embeds three different fractional order exponents—corresponding to the principal directions of water diffusion—into the(More)
Spatial susceptibility variations of body components lead to local gradients of the static magnetic field. Effects of such background gradients on fractional diffusion anisotropy (FA) measurements on whole-body magnetic resonance units operating at 1.5, 3.0 and 7.0 T were analyzed theoretically and experimentally. Analytical expressions were derived for the(More)
PURPOSE In this MRI study, diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) and T2 * multiecho relaxometry were measured from the white matter (WM) of human brains and correlated with each other, with the aim of investigating the influence of magnetic-susceptibility (Δχ (H2O-TISSUE) ) on the contrast. METHODS We focused our in vivo analysis on assessing the dependence(More)