Silvia Canepari

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In this paper we investigate alternatives to mechanical stirring for the extraction of the mobile fraction of metals from sediment, and analyze whether these techniques can reduce extraction time and improve reproducibility. We compare the quantities of metal extracted from BCR601 and BCR701 certified sediments using ultrasound bath, microwave-assisted(More)
It is here described the comparison of extraction efficiency of some solutions (acetate buffer, deionized water, diluted HNO(3) and EDTA) frequently adopted in literature for evaluating the elemental solubility in airborne particulate matter. This comparison was performed considering the distribution of As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, S,(More)
A field study was carried out at six locations in the Lazio region (Central Italy) aimed at characterising atmospheric particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) from the point of view of the chemical composition and grain size distribution of the particles, the mixing properties of the atmosphere, the frequency and relevance of natural events. The combination of(More)
Chemical composition of atmospheric PM(10) was determined at 2-h resolution during a 10-d field study carried out in the urban area of Rome, Italy. Extractable and residual fractions of elements were determined on 2-h samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, a rather widespread analytical technique; daily chemical characterization of macro-(More)
In this paper, we describe a validation procedure for chemical fractionation analysis of elements (Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, S, Sb, Si, Sr, Ti and V) and soluble ions (Cl(-), NO(3)(-), SO(4)(2-), Na(+), NH(4)(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+)) in suspended particulate matter (PM). The procedure applies three distinct measurement techniques(More)
Air quality at the main station of the metro system of Rome (Termini hub) has been characterized by the point of view of particulate matter (PM) concentration and chemical composition. Indoor air in different environments (underground train platform and shopping center, metro carriages with and without air conditioning system) has been studied and compared(More)
Diversos derivados de Cinchona foram testados como carregadores quirais móveis, para o transporte enantiosseletivo de D,L-fenilglicina e D,L-fenilalanina, através de uma membrana líquida orgânica volumosa (MLV). Os efeitos de vários parâmetros, como natureza do carregador, concentrações do solvente na membrana, do tampão, do soluto e do carregador, no(More)
The aim of this work was the study, by a multiparametric approach, of emissions from a laser printer in an experimental box-chamber, with particular attention to nanoparticles release. The experimental design included number concentration measurements by Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) and chemical characterizations (elements) of size segregated samples(More)
Size distribution (fine and coarse fraction) and solubility distribution (extracted and residual fraction) of 20 elements (As, Ba, Be, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Pb, Ni, Rb, S, Sb, Se, Sn, Sr, Ti, Tl, V) in atmospheric particulate matter (PM) were determined during a 5-year field study carried out in the Po Valley (peri-urban area of Ferrara, in Northern(More)
The optimisation of a micro-analytical two-step sequential leaching procedure for the determination of non-volatile ions (NO(3)(-), SO(4)(2-), Cl(-), Na(+), Mg(2+), NH(4)(+) and Ca(2+)) and of 17 elements (Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, S, Se, V, Zn, Sb, Si and Ti) in two fractions-extract and residue-on the same sample of air particulate matter is(More)