Silvia Bruno

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The present review describes several methods to characterize and differentiate between two different mechanisms of cell death, apoptosis and necrosis. Most of these methods were applied to studies of apoptosis triggered in the human leukemic HL-60 cell line by DNA topoisomerase I or II inhibitors, and in rat thymocytes by either topoisomerase inhibitors or(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a relatively common, autosomal recessively inherited neurodegenerative disorder that maps to human chromosome 5q13. This region of the human genome has an intricate genomic structure that has complicated the evaluation of SMA candidate genes. We have chosen to study the mouse region syntenic for human SMA in the hope that(More)
c-Myc is a nuclear protein with important roles in cell transformation, cell proliferation, and gene transcription. It has been previously shown that a 14-amino acid (aa) modified peptide (H1-S6A,F8A) derived from the helix 1 (H1) carboxylic region of c-Myc can interfere in vitro with specific c-Myc DNA binding. Here, we have linked the above Myc-derived(More)
The TMEM16A protein has a potential role as a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CaCC) in airway epithelia where it may be important in the homeostasis of the airway surface fluid. We investigated the function and expression of TMEM16A in primary human bronchial epithelial cells and in a bronchial cell line (CFBE41o-). Under resting conditions, TMEM16A protein(More)
The expression and stability of the proliferation-associated nuclear antigen detected by Ki-67 antibody have been investigated in human promyelocytic leukaemic HL-60 cells in relation to their progression through the cell cycle. Expression of this antigen was minimal in late G1 and early S phase cells. The antigen accumulated in the cells predominantly(More)
The appearance of DNA strand breaks during apoptosis was detected in individual cells, in relation to the cell cycle phase, by a novel assay based on labeling 3'-OH termini with biotinylated dUTP using exogenous terminal transferase or DNA polymerase. Apoptosis was induced in HL-60 cells by the DNA topoisomerase I and II inhibitors, and in rat thymocytes by(More)
Most cell death in vertebrates proceeds through the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis and results from unregulated increase of mitochondrial membrane permeability. Bcl2-associated X protein (Bax) and Bcl2-antagonist/killer protein (Bak), the effector proapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family, are, in their active state, the principal accomplices for this(More)
Lovastatin (LOV), the drug recently introduced to treat hypercholesteremia, inhibits the synthesis of mevalonic acid. The effects of LOV on the cell cycle progression of the human bladder carcinoma T24 cell line expressing activated p21ras were investigated. At a concentration of 2-10 microM, LOV arrested cells in G1 and also prolonged--or arrested a minor(More)
PURPOSE An increase in the incidence of endometrial cancer and a potential increase in related mortality has been associated with the administration of 20 mg tamoxifen, the dose adopted in breast cancer chemoprevention trials, thus urging studies on intermediate markers of risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-three women who received 20 mg tamoxifen as(More)
The inhibitory molecule CD85/LIR-1/ILT2 has been detected previously on the surface of a small proportion of T lymphocytes. In this study, evidence is provided that, although only a fraction of CD3+ cells are stained by mAb specific for CD85/LIR-1/ILT2 on their surface, this inhibitory receptor is present in the cytoplasm of all T lymphocytes, and that it(More)