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The present review describes several methods to characterize and differentiate between two different mechanisms of cell death, apoptosis and necrosis. Most of these methods were applied to studies of apoptosis triggered in the human leukemic HL-60 cell line by DNA topoisomerase I or II inhibitors, and in rat thymocytes by either topoisomerase inhibitors or(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a relatively common, autosomal recessively inherited neurodegenerative disorder that maps to human chromosome 5q13. This region of the human genome has an intricate genomic structure that has complicated the evaluation of SMA candidate genes. We have chosen to study the mouse region syntenic for human SMA in the hope that(More)
PURPOSE An increase in the incidence of endometrial cancer and a potential increase in related mortality has been associated with the administration of 20 mg tamoxifen, the dose adopted in breast cancer chemoprevention trials, thus urging studies on intermediate markers of risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-three women who received 20 mg tamoxifen as(More)
The appearance of DNA strand breaks during apoptosis was detected in individual cells, in relation to the cell cycle phase, by a novel assay based on labeling 3'-OH termini with biotinylated dUTP using exogenous terminal transferase or DNA polymerase. Apoptosis was induced in HL-60 cells by the DNA topoisomerase I and II inhibitors, and in rat thymocytes by(More)
c-Myc is a nuclear protein with important roles in cell transformation, cell proliferation, and gene transcription. It has been previously shown that a 14-amino acid (aa) modified peptide (H1-S6A,F8A) derived from the helix 1 (H1) carboxylic region of c-Myc can interfere in vitro with specific c-Myc DNA binding. Here, we have linked the above Myc-derived(More)
A new flow cytometric method combining light scattering measurements, detection of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation via fluorescent antibody, and quantitation of cellular DNA content by propidium iodide (PI) allows identification of additional compartments in the cell cycle. Thus, while cell staining with BrdU-antibodies and PI reveals the G1, S, and(More)
DNA ploidy of 64 colorectal adenomas and 49 adenocarcinomas, examined endoscopically, was studied by flow cytometry. We found DNA aneuploidy in none of the 105 normal mucosa samples (0%), in 20 adenomas (31%), and in 36 adenocarcinomas (74%). DNA ploidy of adenomas correlated with size (P = 0.02) and degree of dysplasia (P less than 0.01) but not with(More)
The promyelocytic leukemia gene, PML, is a growth and transformation suppressor. An additional role for PML as a regulator of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen presentation has been proposed in a murine model, which would account for evasion from host immunity of tumors bearing malfunctioning PML, such as acute promyelocytic leukemia.(More)
Cancer metabolism is characterized by an accelerated glycolytic rate facing reduced activity of oxidative phosphorylation. This "Warburg effect" represents a standard to diagnose and monitor tumor aggressiveness with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose whose uptake is currently regarded as an accurate index of total glucose consumption. Studying cancer metabolic(More)