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Most vascular plants form a mutualistic association with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, known as AM symbiosis. The development of AM symbiosis is an asynchronous process, and mycorrhizal roots therefore typically contain several symbiotic structures and various cell types. Hence, the use of whole-plant organs for downstream analyses can mask… (More)
The arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is characterized by the presence of different symbiotic structures and stages within a root system. Therefore tools allowing the analysis of molecular changes at a cellular level are required to reveal insight into arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis development and functioning. Here we describe the analysis of… (More)
The high risk of infection in endourological surgery is caused by manipulation of the occluded and frequently infected upper urinary tract with instruments. The results show a significant decrease of infection by antibiotic prophylasix with ceftriaxone. However prophylaxis is not necessary in ESWL.