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Cathepsin (Cath) B, CathK and CathL are cysteine proteases that participate in the lysosomal protein degradation system and are expressed in macrophages, epithelioid cells, and multinucleated histiocytic giant cells (MGCs). Both macrophages and MGCs are commonly found adjacent to immunoglobulin light chain-associated (AL) amyloid deposits, which raised the(More)
Dysphagia is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients treated in intensive care units (ICUs). Structured otorhinolaryngological data on dysphagia in ICU survivors with severe sepsis are missing. In a prospective study, 30 ICU patients with severe sepsis and thirty without sepsis as control group were examined using bedside(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate mechanisms of motor-cortical excitability and inhibition which may contribute to motor hyperactivity in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), involvement of the motor cortex and the corpus callosum was analysed in 13 children(More)
Using a diagnostic prospective cohort single center study design, the influence of a cervical collar on standing balance during dynamic postural perturbations in healthy adults and patients with acute unilateral vestibular dysfunction was measured in 31 healthy subjects and 27 patients with acute unilateral vestibular loss. The main outcome measures were(More)
Although surgical treatment of patients with chronic vocal cord palsy (VCP) is an integral part of clinical routine of otorhinolaryngologists, there is nearly no population-based data published on incidence and efficiency of this surgery country-wide or nation-wide. 1430 patients with chronic VCP were treated in a department of otorhinolaryngology between(More)
Despite definite indication for psychopharmacologic intervention, severe and persistent symptoms of aggressive and self-injurious behaviour still remain a therapeutic challenge. As recent research has demonstrated, not only the dopaminergic and serotonergic but also the endogenous opiate system plays a role in the pathogenesis of self-injurious behaviour.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Postural instability in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a most crucial symptom leading to falls with secondary complications. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of spinal tap on postural stability in these patients. METHODS Seventeen patients with clinical symptoms of NPH were examined(More)
Dysphagia is a severe complication in critically ill patients and affects more than half the patients in an intensive care unit. Dysphagia also has a strong impact on morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for the development of dysphagia are neurological diseases, age >55-70 years, intubation >7 days and sepsis. With increasing numbers of long-term(More)
Based on the efforts by the legislator to standardize the law for disabled persons and to simplify the accesses to appropriate assistance, procedures of expert reports are exemplarily presented from the aspect of child and adolescent psychiatry. Obliged to the principle of the two aspects for constituting a claim (which is first to set up a diagnosis and(More)
A 72-year-old female patient presented with otitis of her left ear with inner ear depletion. Despite administration of intravenous antibiotics according to the resistogram and mastoidectomy the patient developed a similar pathological condition in the right ear and facial nerve palsy on the left side. Treatment with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole under the(More)