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The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred by means of a single migration or multiple streams of migration from Siberia. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly(More)
Clinical observations indicate that honey may initiate or accelerate the healing of chronic wounds and has, therefore, been claimed to have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of honey on the activation state of immunocompetent cells, using the monocytic cell line, MonoMac-6 (MM6), as a model. We investigated(More)
AIM To compare oxidative stress in adults with non-complicated malaria and healthy controls. METHODOLOGY We measured malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant status (TAS), catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX). Oxidative stress was calculated based on MDA/TAS, MDA/GSH-PX and SOD/catalase indexes. RESULTS Mean MDA in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To carry out an environmental and biological monitoring study in two UK hospital pharmacy units involved in the preparation of antineoplastic drugs. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS The two units studied used isolators for drug preparation. One used isolators operating at positive pressure relative to external atmospheric pressure, whereas the(More)
The capacity of Optimal to diagnose malaria was compared with the thick smear test in two representative samples, one with acute febrile syndrome (AFS) n = 107, and another diagnosed by thick smear test (AFS + M) n = 82. The samples were chosen from patients at the malaria diagnostic clinic in Turbo, Antioquia, Colombia, between June and August 2000. The(More)
A descriptive study was carried out in 104 patients with Plasmodium vivax malaria, from the region of Turbo (Antioquia, Colombia). Clinical features and levels of hemoglobin, glycemia, serum bilirubin, alanine-aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate-aminotransferase (AST), creatinine and complete blood cell profile were established. 65% of the studied individuals(More)
BACKGROUND A major concern in malaria vaccine development is the polymorphism observed among different Plasmodium isolates in different geographical areas across the globe. The merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP-1) is a leading vaccine candidate antigen against asexual blood stages of malaria parasite. To date, little is known about the extent of sequence(More)
The population structure of Plasmodium falciparum has been widely studied in diverse epidemiological contexts, but emphasis has been made in regions with high and stable transmission. In order to establish the genetic structure of P. falciparum in areas of Colombia with different degree of endemicity, we studied 100 samples from malaria patients of two(More)
Malaria is the most important parasitic disease worldwide, responsible for an estimated 225 million clinical cases each year. It mainly affects children, pregnant women and non-immune adults who frequently die victims of cerebral manifestations and anaemia. Although the contribution of the American continent to the global malaria burden is only around 1.2(More)
Compounds isolated from Solanum nudum have shown in vitro antimalarial activity against the FCB-2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. Diosgenone (C27H40O3) the main component isolated from the hexane extract and an aqueous extract were evaluated to measure their clastogenic potential using the micronucleus test. Three concentrations (16, 32 and 64 g/kg of(More)