Learn More
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LOX-1), the primary receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in endothelial cells, is up-regulated in atherosclerotic lesions. Statins are the principal therapeutic agents for cardiovascular diseases and are known to down-regulate LOX-1 expression. Whether the effect on the LOX-1 receptor is(More)
We present a strategy to study functional and/or developmental processes occurring in the nervous system, as well as in other systems, of mice. This strategy is based on the local expression of specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) by cells of the nervous system. As an application of this strategy, we report the cloning of the anti-substance P rat mAb(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy or prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) into the infectious scrapie isoform (PrPSc). We have recently demonstrated that anti-prion intrabodies targeted to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum provide a simple and effective means to(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), encoded by the OLR1 gene, is a scavenger receptor that plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have recently identified a truncated naturally occurring variant of the human receptor LOX-1, named LOXIN, which lacks part of the C-terminus lectin-like domain. In vivo and(More)
The intracellular expression of antibodies in mammalian cells is a strategy to inhibit the in vivo function of selected molecules but is limited by the unpredictable behaviour of antibodies when intracellularly expressed. Recent advances in the field of antibody expression in Escherichia coli show that the introduction of mutations can improve the(More)
The human lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 LOX-1, encoded by the ORL1 gene, is the major scavenger receptor for oxidized low density lipoprotein in endothelial cells. Here we report on the functional effects of a coding SNP, c.501G>C, which produces a single amino acid change (K>N at codon 167). Our study was aimed at elucidating(More)
Autosomal recessive mandibuloacral dysplasia [mandibuloacral dysplasia type A (MADA); Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) no. 248370] is caused by a mutation in LMNA encoding lamin A/C. Here we show that this mutation causes accumulation of the lamin A precursor protein, a marked alteration of the nuclear architecture and, hence, chromatin(More)
The identification of molecules responsible for apoptotic cell (AC) uptake by dendritic cells (DCs) and induction of T-cell immunity against AC-associated antigens is a challenge in immunology. DCs differentiated in the presence of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha-conditioned DCs) exhibit a marked phagocytic activity and a special attitude in inducing CD8(+)(More)
The S-100 is a group of low molecular weight (10-12 kD) calcium-binding proteins highly conserved among vertebrates. It is present in different tissues as dimers of homologous or different subunits (alpha, beta). In the nervous system, the S-100 exists as a mixture composed of beta beta and alpha beta dimers with the monomer beta represented more often. Its(More)
BACKGROUND Dimeric lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 LOX-1 is the target receptor for oxidized low density lipoprotein in endothelial cells. In vivo assays revealed that in LOX-1 the basic spine arginine residues are important for binding, which is lost upon mutation of Trp150 with alanine. Molecular dynamics simulations of the(More)