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This review deals with the mechanism of nerve growth factor action. In view of the many and diversified effects of this growth factor, and since it could utilize different mechanism(s) in distinct types of cells, we have confined our analysis to the best characterized and more extensively studied target, the clonal cell line PC12. When exposed to NGF in(More)
We present a strategy to study functional and/or developmental processes occurring in the nervous system, as well as in other systems, of mice. This strategy is based on the local expression of specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) by cells of the nervous system. As an application of this strategy, we report the cloning of the anti-substance P rat mAb(More)
The S-100 is a group of low molecular weight (10-12 kD) calcium-binding proteins highly conserved among vertebrates. It is present in different tissues as dimers of homologous or different subunits (alpha, beta). In the nervous system, the S-100 exists as a mixture composed of beta beta and alpha beta dimers with the monomer beta represented more often. Its(More)
We report the application of a strategy to inactivate cellular proteins in vertebrate cells based on the intracellular expression of immunoglobulin genes. We have selected, in this instance, the p21 protein, encoded by the ras proto-oncogene, as a target protein. The variable regions of the neutralizing anti-p21ras monoclonal antibody Y13-259 were cloned in(More)
In the preceding article [1] we identified the 34 kD single-stranded DNA-binding (ssb) protein, whose synthesis is inhibited in PC12 cells concomitantly with nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced mitotic arrest, with the enzyme lactic dehydrogenase (LDH-ssb protein). Localization studies performed with antibodies raised against the LDH-ssb protein demonstrate(More)
Genes encoding the heavy and light chains of a hapten-specific IgM antibody were modified by site-directed mutagenesis to destroy the hydrophobic leader sequences and allow expression in the cytoplasm of non-lymphoid cells. The in situ assembly of the mutant heavy and light chains was tested in transfected cell lines by immunofluorescence using(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LOX-1), the primary receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in endothelial cells, is up-regulated in atherosclerotic lesions. Statins are the principal therapeutic agents for cardiovascular diseases and are known to down-regulate LOX-1 expression. Whether the effect on the LOX-1 receptor is(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy or prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) into the infectious scrapie isoform (PrPSc). We have recently demonstrated that anti-prion intrabodies targeted to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum provide a simple and effective means to(More)
Autosomal recessive mandibuloacral dysplasia [mandibuloacral dysplasia type A (MADA); Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) no. 248370] is caused by a mutation in LMNA encoding lamin A/C. Here we show that this mutation causes accumulation of the lamin A precursor protein, a marked alteration of the nuclear architecture and, hence, chromatin(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), encoded by the OLR1 gene, is a scavenger receptor that plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have recently identified a truncated naturally occurring variant of the human receptor LOX-1, named LOXIN, which lacks part of the C-terminus lectin-like domain. In vivo and(More)