Silvia Berto

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The redox and acid-base reactivity of red wines was studied from both the analytical and kinetic standpoint. Four homemade wines, made from Italian red grape varieties of two different vintages, were tested to study the effect of temperature (25 and 37 degrees C) on the overall antioxidant power, through the Briggs-Rauscher oscillating reaction. The(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder of the myelin metabolism due to the impaired function of the lysosomal enzyme arylsulfatase A. Three major clinical variants of metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) have been described: late infantile, juvenile, and late onset. The infantile form, whose clinical onset is usually(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify the hypothesis that aberrant placental mRNA genes related to cardiogenesis can be detected in maternal plasma at the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS NanoString technology was used to identify aberrant genes, comparing 39 women carrying a fetus with a congenital heart defect (CHD) to 31 controls at 19-24 weeks of gestation. The(More)
UV (300-400 nm) and FT/IR (4000-850 cm(-1)) spectra were considered for a structural discussion of the copper(II) complexes formed with a series of imidazole-containing ligands (namely L-histidine, N-acetyl-L-histidine, histamine, L-histidine methyl ester and carnosine) in aqueous solution (T=25 degrees C, I=0.1 M). A shoulder at 330 nm was recorded for the(More)
A chemical model of the acid-base properties is optimized for each white wine under study, together with the calculation of their ionic strength, taking into account the contributions of all significant ionic species (strong electrolytes and weak one sensitive to the chemical equilibria). Coupling the HPLC-IEC and HPLC-RP methods, we are able to quantify up(More)
BACKGROUND Quantification of Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) of human plasma is an important clinical target, since many diseases are suspected to be related with oxidative stress. The CUPRAC-BCS (BCS=Bathocuproinedisulfonic acid) method was chosen since it works using the photometric principle, with stable and inexpensive reagents and at physiological pH.(More)
This study aims to assess the effect of three wine grape varieties, three training systems and two bud loads on the Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) and polyphenolic composition of Southern Italy red wines produced, during two vintages. Overall, Primitivo, Malvasia nera of Brindisi-Lecce and Montepulciano as grape varieties, single Guyot (SG), single spur(More)
The temporal trends of major, minor and trace elements in the total atmospheric particulate sampled in the urban area of Turin (Italy) were determined for the following years: 1976, 1986, 1996 and 2001. The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) technique was adopted to determine the concentrations of Ba, Br, Ca, Cl, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni,(More)
When irradiated in paddy-field water, propanil (PRP) undergoes photodegradation by direct photolysis, by reactions with •OH and CO3•-, and possibly also with the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter. Irradiation also inhibits the nonphotochemical (probably biological) degradation of PRP. The dark- and light-induced pathways can be easily(More)
Nitrobenzene (NB) would undergo photodegradation in sunlit surface waters, mainly by direct photolysis and triplet-sensitized oxidation, with a secondary role of the *OH reaction. Its photochemical half-life time would range from a few days to a couple of months under fair-weather summertime irradiation, depending on water chemistry and depth. NB(More)