Silvia Bergamaschi

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The present study shows that cultured fibroblasts from sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients are deficient in protein kinase C-regulated secretion of amyloid precursor protein. In particular, Alzheimer fibroblasts show a reduced basal secretion and a reduced response at low concentrations of phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate, with an EC50 twofold higher than control(More)
We have previously identified alterations of K+ channel function, IP3-mediated calcium release, and Cp20 (a memory-associated GTP binding protein) in fibroblasts from AD patients vs. controls. In the present study we introduce a scoring system based on these response alterations that integrates two or more alterations (and their degree) in AD vs. control(More)
Protein kinase C was studied in various brain areas in aging Wistar rats. Histone-directed kinase activity from the cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum did not change with aging. Using purified protein B-50 as a substrate, between 3 and 8 months a decrease in in vitro phosphorylation was detected in the membrane fraction of the cortex but after this age(More)
We investigated the effect of acute ethanol administration on voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCC) by measuring [3H]nitrendipine ([3H]NTP) binding to crude synaptosomal membrane preparations from different rat brain areas, i.e. cerebral cortex, hippocampus and striatum. Ethanol enhances the number of binding sites shortly after the administration (40(More)
The present study investigates the ability of the pharmacologic activation of protein kinase C (PKC) to modulate amyloid precursor protein (APP) secretion in human skin fibroblasts from patients affected by Down's syndrome (DS). We assessed DS subjects at the Hospital Institute of Sospiro, Cremona, and at the Alzheimer's Disease Unit of the Sacred Heart(More)
Fibroblasts from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients displayed decreased cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV) activity (P < 0.05). The basal oxygen consumption rate (QO2) and the response to an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation did not differ between AD and control fibroblasts. The QO2 of AD fibroblasts was more susceptible (P < 0.05) to inhibition by azide(More)
The present study investigates the effect of the administration of alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC) on scopolamine-induced amnesia and on brain acetylcholine (ACh) levels and release in rats. The results indicate that alpha-GPC, when administered orally, reverses the amnesia caused by scopolamine in passive avoidance. The peak effect is observed(More)
We attempted to determine whether changes in protein kinase C (PKC) activity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains are also present in cultured skin fibroblasts from living patients. Biopsies collected from shoulder skin were transferred to culture plates with an appropriate growth medium, and histone-directed PKC activity as well as phorbol ester binding were(More)
Electrophysiological data support the existence of GTP-binding proteins interacting with voltage dependent calcium channels. Along this line the present study investigates the effect of GMP-PNP, a stable GTP analogue, on the displacement of [3H]-PN 200-110 binding by agonist and antagonist dihydropyridines in synaptic membranes prepared from rat cortex. The(More)
The effect of prolonged (72 h) ethanol (200 mM) exposure on the labeling of L-type (using tritiated PN 200-110) and N-type (using iodinated omega-conotoxin) voltage-dependent calcium channels was investigated in cultured NG 108-15 cells. In undifferentiated cells ethanol produced an 80% increase in PN 200-110 Bmax and no changes in omega-conotoxin binding.(More)