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Partial or total denervation of skeletal muscles occurs in a number of congenital or acquired diseases and conditions, including ageing and traumas. In an experimental model of surgical hind limb denervation in rats, we demonstrate here that oxidative stress takes place. In fact: i) ROS are formed; ii) oxidation of membrane lipids occurs; iii) ion channels(More)
In PC12, a cellular line derived from a rat pheochromocytoma, ethanol (EtOH) induces a different effect depending on the concentration used. When resting cells are incubated with an alcohol concentration less than or equal to 120 mM, the [Ca2+]i increased with a double phase pattern. If the alcohol concentration was increased over 120-160 mM, EtOH reversed(More)
The S-100 is a group of low molecular weight (10-12 kD) calcium-binding proteins highly conserved among vertebrates. It is present in different tissues as dimers of homologous or different subunits (alpha, beta). In the nervous system, the S-100 exists as a mixture composed of beta beta and alpha beta dimers with the monomer beta represented more often. Its(More)
In chronic fatigue syndrome, several reported alterations may be related to specific oxidative modifications in muscle. Since sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes are the basic structures involved in excitation-contraction coupling and the thiol groups of Ca(2+) channels of SR terminal cisternae are specific targets for reactive oxygen species, it is possible(More)
When grown for seven days in a medium containing nerve growth factor (100 ng/ml), 10% horse serum and 5% fetal bovine serum PC12 cells stopped dividing, extended neurites and assumed a neuronal phenotype. Withdrawal of nerve growth factor from these cells resulted in loss of neurites and apoptotic changes in many cells. The apoptotic changes were(More)
Muscle regeneration involves the activation of satellite cells, is regulated at the genetic and epigenetic levels, and is strongly influenced by gene activation and environmental conditions. The aim of this study was to determine whether the overexpression of mIGF-1 can modify functional features of satellite cells during the differentiation process,(More)
Undifferentiated PC12 cells undergo apoptosis, via a calcium-induced calcium release mechanism, when the calcium-binding protein purified from bovine brain (native S100) is present in micromolar concentration in the medium. This process begins when S100 binds to specific membrane binding sites and involves up to 50% of the cell population. In the(More)
Pregnant rats were deprived of paradoxical sleep for 3 days starting on the 18th gestational day. The condition of PS-D was imposed by confinement on a small platform surrounded by water or by daily injections of clomipramine. Four hours before the killing rats received a s.c. injection of [3H]-thymidine. The amount of radioactive DNA determined by(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor, and is notable for spreading so effectively through the brain parenchyma to make complete surgical resection virtually impossible, and prospect of life dismal. Several ion channels have been involved in GBM migration and invasion, due to their critical role in supporting volume(More)
The malignancy of glioblastoma multiform (GBM), the most common and aggressive form of human brain tumors, strongly correlates with the presence of hypoxic areas, but the mechanisms controlling the hypoxia-induced aggressiveness are still unclear. GBM cells express a number of ion channels whose activity supports cell volume changes and increases in the(More)