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In chronic fatigue syndrome, several reported alterations may be related to specific oxidative modifications in muscle. Since sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes are the basic structures involved in excitation-contraction coupling and the thiol groups of Ca(2+) channels of SR terminal cisternae are specific targets for reactive oxygen species, it is possible(More)
Muscle regeneration involves the activation of satellite cells, is regulated at the genetic and epigenetic levels, and is strongly influenced by gene activation and environmental conditions. The aim of this study was to determine whether the overexpression of mIGF-1 can modify functional features of satellite cells during the differentiation process,(More)
Pregnant rats were deprived of paradoxical sleep for 3 days starting on the 18th gestational day. The condition of PS-D was imposed by confinement on a small platform surrounded by water or by daily injections of clomipramine. Four hours before the killing rats received a s.c. injection of [3H]-thymidine. The amount of radioactive DNA determined by(More)
The possibility that the synthesis of brain DNA undergoes a circadian fluctuation was examined in male adult Wistar rats, kept under natural lighting conditions or born and raised under artificial lighting conditions. Groups of rats were taken every 4 h during the 24 h, injected subcutaneously with [methyl-3H]thymidine and killed 4 h later. By cosinor(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor, and is notable for spreading so effectively through the brain parenchyma to make complete surgical resection virtually impossible, and prospect of life dismal. Several ion channels have been involved in GBM migration and invasion, due to their critical role in supporting volume(More)
The malignancy of glioblastoma multiform (GBM), the most common and aggressive form of human brain tumors, strongly correlates with the presence of hypoxic areas, but the mechanisms controlling the hypoxia-induced aggressiveness are still unclear. GBM cells express a number of ion channels whose activity supports cell volume changes and increases in the(More)
The sarcopenia, charaterised by a decrease in muscle mass associated with reduced physical activity, is a direct cause of the age-related loss of muscle strength. Studies previously performed in our laboratory show, in human vastus lateralis muscle, a direct correlation between age and oxidative damage to biological molecules. The reactive oxygen species(More)
This study examined indices of skeletal muscle contraction in a rat model of referred muscle hyperalgesia from artificial ureteric calculosis [left oblique muscle (OE) for ipsilateral stone]. In specimens from the left versus right OE of stone-implanted female rats, a significant increase was found in membrane fluidity (P<0.01) and Ca(2+)-ATPase activity(More)
Male adult Wistar rats kept under natural lighting show circadian rhythms of DNA content and DNA synthesis in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and kidney. In the cerebral cortex the acrophases of the 2 rhythms almost coincide during the dark period. On the other hand, in kidney, the acrophase of DNA synthesis is phase-advanced by about 14 h with respect to(More)
We have investigated the effect of PS-D induced in gestating rats by treatment with clomipramine or with the platform technique on the process of DNA synthesis taking place in fetal organs. This parameter was taken as a biochemical index of ongoing cellular proliferation. In brain and, to a minor extent, in liver and kidney the rate of fetal DNA synthesis(More)
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