Silvia Bartollino

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We reported previously that Bcl-2 is paradoxically down-regulated in paclitaxel-resistant cancer cells. We reveal here that paclitaxel directly targets Bcl-2 in the loop domain, thereby facilitating the initiation of apoptosis. Molecular modeling revealed an extraordinary similarity between the paclitaxel binding sites in Bcl-2 and beta-tubulin, leading us(More)
Vinca alkaloids and taxanes represent the mainstay of medical treatment of hematological and solid tumors. Unfortunately, a major clinical problem with these agents is drug resistance. Although a plethora of mechanisms of drug resistance have been described, only a few of them have been validated in clinical trials. Among these, the one involving the(More)
Antibody variable domains (domain antibodies [DAbs]) are genetically engineered antibody fragments that include individual heavy-chain (VH) or kappa-chain (Vkappa) variable domains and lack the Fc region. Human DAbs against the 65-kDa mannoprotein (MP65) or the secretory aspartyl proteinase (SAP)-2 of Candida albicans (monospecific DAbs) or against both(More)
Mutations in the KCNQ2 gene, encoding for voltage-gated Kv7.2K(+) channel subunits, are responsible for early-onset epileptic diseases with widely-diverging phenotypic presentation, ranging from Benign Familial Neonatal Seizures (BFNS) to epileptic encephalopathy. In the present study, Kv7.2 BFNS-causing mutations (W344R, L351F, L351V, Y362C, and R553Q)(More)
We report that homology-directed repair of a DNA double-strand break within a single copy Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) gene in HeLa cells alters the methylation pattern at the site of recombination. DNA methyl transferase (DNMT)1, DNMT3a and two proteins that regulate methylation, Np95 and GADD45A, are recruited to the site of repair and are responsible(More)
Recent studies have shown that hyperinsulinemia may increase the cancer risk. Moreover, many tumors demonstrate an increased activation of IR signaling pathways. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is necessary for insulin action. In epithelial cells, which do not express GLUT4 and gluconeogenic enzymes, insulin-mediated PI3K activation regulates cell(More)
Patupilone is an epothilone in advanced clinical development that has shown promising efficacy in heavily pretreated patients. This study aimed at characterizing the mechanisms of patupilone activity in resistant patients. To this end, we generated patupilone-resistant cells using two cellular models, the first characterized by high chemosensitivity and low(More)
Bcl-2 plays a prominent role in regulating the function of mitochondria during respiration and in determining the threshold of apoptotic sensitivity. Despite its relevance, the mechanism through which these processes are achieved is still unknown. Using surface plasmon resonance technology to monitor Bcl-2 multimerisation we discovered that a simple dimeric(More)
P40 is a particulate fraction or fragment isolated from Corynebacterium granulosum, which exhibits a wide spectrum of pharmacological functions including antitumor, antibacterial, phagocytic, antiviral and cytokine induction effects. In the present study, the immunomodulatory potential of P40-conjugated with hyaluronic acid was assessed in a mouse model of(More)
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) derive from primordial germ cells. Their maturation is blocked at different stages, reflecting histological tumor subtypes. A common genetic alteration in TGCT is a deletion of the chromosome 1 short arm, where the PRDM2 gene, belonging to the Positive Regulatory domain gene (PRDM) family, is located. Expression of PRDM2(More)
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