Silvia A Koch

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BACKGROUND Recent preclinical studies have shown that lithium (Li) robustly increases the levels of the major neuroprotective protein, bcl-2, in rat brain and in cells of human neuronal origin. These effects are accompanied by striking neuroprotective effects in vitro and in the rodent central nervous system in vivo. We have undertaken the present study to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of the interleukin (IL)-1-receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) anakinra in patients with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) refractory to standard treatments such as glucocorticosteroids (GC), immunosuppressive drugs, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-antagonists; to verify disease remission objectively by serial cytokine(More)
The beta-amyloid peptide-25-35 (beta A25-35) decreases the fluidity of mouse brain membranes in a concentration-depending fashion. First effects were already seen at a beta A25-35 concentration of 100 nmol/1. beta-Amyloid peptide(1-40) was similarly active. beta A25-35 also decreases the fluidity of human lymphocyte membranes and of membranes from the(More)
Lipoprotein metabolism in brain has not yet been fully elucidated, although there are a few reports concerning lipids in the brain and lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To establish normal levels of lipoproteins in human CSF, total cholesterol, phospholipids, and fatty acids as well as apolipoprotein E (apoE) and apoA-I(More)
In vitro preincubation of brain membranes of aged mice with piracetam (0.1-1.0 mmol/L) enhanced membrane fluidity, as indicated by decreased anisotropy of the membrane-bound fluorescence probe 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH). Piracetam had similar in vitro effects on brain membranes of aged rats and humans, but it did not alter brain membrane fluidity(More)
INTRODUCTION Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS) is an inherited autoinflammatory disease characterized by fever, rash, arthralgia, conjunctivitis, sensorineural deafness and potentially life-threatening amyloidosis. The NLRP3/CIAS1 E311K mutation caused a heterogeneous phenotype of MWS in a large family. This study analyzes the clinical spectrum, patterns of(More)
INTRODUCTION Serotonin (5-HT) is involved in the regulation of food intake. In anorexia nervosa there is a disturbance in 5-HT function. The stimulation of 5-HT(2)-receptors in platelets is a useful peripheral model to investigate the cascade of signal transduction and neuronal functioning. METHODS 25 anorexic female patients between the ages of 11 and 18(More)
Malnutrition in anorexia nervosa was simulated in an animal starvation study. Female rats aged 11 to 13 weeks received a hypocaloric standard diet or a hypocaloric choline reduced diet. Weight reduction lasted for 12 to 20 weeks and was between 30 % to 40 % of initial weight. Several animals were refed after weight reduction up to 6 to 12 weeks with a(More)
BACKGROUND Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) is an ideal tool for noninvasive, quantitative monitoring of tumor progression/regression in animal models. The effectiveness of different treatment strategies is displayed by an altered intensity of bioluminescence, demonstrating a change of the tumor burden. The aim of this study was to establish a reliable,(More)