Silvano Garibaldi

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OBJECTIVE Dysregulation of myocardial metalloproteinases (MMPs) is now regarded as an early contributory mechanism for the initiation and progression of heart failure. Doxorubicin is a strongly cardiotoxic anticancer drug. This study investigates the effects of doxorubicin on myocardial MMP-2 and MMP-9 activation. METHODS After pre-treatment with or(More)
The clinical use of doxorubicin, a highly active anticancer drug, is limited by its severe cardiotoxic side effects. Increased oxidative stress and apoptosis have been implicated in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin. Carvedilol is an adrenergic blocking agent with potent anti-oxidant activity. In this study we investigated whether carvedilol has protective(More)
Low or high doses of doxorubicin induce either senescence or apoptosis, respectively, in cardiomyocytes. The mechanism by which different doses of doxorubicin may induce different stress-response cellular programs is not well understood. A recent study showed that the level of telomere dysfunction may induce senescence or apoptosis. We investigated the(More)
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extensive neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) formation and neuronal loss in selective neuronal populations. Currently, no clues to the biological events underlying the pathological process have emerged. In Alzheimer disease (AD), which shares with PSP the occurrence of NFTs,(More)
BACKGROUND The main functional property of collagen is to provide a supporting framework to almost all tissues: the effects of non-enzymatic glycation on this protein are deleterious and in diabetes mellitus contribute to the mechanism of late complications. The aim of this work is to provide evidence by scanning force microscopy of modifications in(More)
BACKGROUND specific polymorphisms of genes regulating intracellular redox balance and oxidative stress are related to atherogenesis. Some studies have identified a relationship between progression of atherosclerosis and C242T mutation in CYBA gene coding for p22phox, a subunit of the NADH/NADPH oxidase system. DESIGN we investigated whether the C242T(More)
BACKGROUND Progestins have actions on the cardiovascular system, which depend on the structure as well as on receptor binding characteristics. Drospirenone (DRSP) is a progestin that uniquely interferes with the signaling of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). Hormone therapy containing DRSP results in blood pressure reduction in hypertensive(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify systemically detectable vascular inflammation associated to redox system unbalance, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), formed by HClO reaction with proteins, Thiol levels, and their ratio (AOPP/Thiol ratio) were measured in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). DESIGN AND METHODS We evaluated AOPP/Thiol ratio(More)
BACKGROUND Coagulation FXII is activated on contact with lipoprotein particles. It has been suggested that contact with subendothelial tissue provides an alternative biological surface for FXII activation. Our aim was to investigate whether activated FXII (FXIIa) is elevated in patients with coronary atherosclerosis, and whether disease status (acute phase(More)
In order to study the role of oxidative stress in celiac disease, protein carbonyl groups, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance and pentosidine were evaluated in the plasma of nine patients with asymptomatic celiac disease and in a control group (n = 25). Plasma alpha-tocopherol, retinol and lipids were determined in the same samples. The levels of(More)