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OBJECTIVE Dysregulation of myocardial metalloproteinases (MMPs) is now regarded as an early contributory mechanism for the initiation and progression of heart failure. Doxorubicin is a strongly cardiotoxic anticancer drug. This study investigates the effects of doxorubicin on myocardial MMP-2 and MMP-9 activation. METHODS After pre-treatment with or(More)
The clinical use of doxorubicin, a highly active anticancer drug, is limited by its severe cardiotoxic side effects. Increased oxidative stress and apoptosis have been implicated in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin. Carvedilol is an adrenergic blocking agent with potent anti-oxidant activity. In this study we investigated whether carvedilol has protective(More)
Low or high doses of doxorubicin induce either senescence or apoptosis, respectively, in cardiomyocytes. The mechanism by which different doses of doxorubicin may induce different stress-response cellular programs is not well understood. A recent study showed that the level of telomere dysfunction may induce senescence or apoptosis. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND The main functional property of collagen is to provide a supporting framework to almost all tissues: the effects of non-enzymatic glycation on this protein are deleterious and in diabetes mellitus contribute to the mechanism of late complications. The aim of this work is to provide evidence by scanning force microscopy of modifications in(More)
In Down's syndrome, the presence of three copies of chromosome 21 is associated with premature aging and progressive mental retardation sharing the pathological features of Alzheimer disease. Early cortical dysgenesis and late neuronal degeneration are probably caused by an overproduction of amyloid beta-peptide, followed by an increased cellular oxidation.(More)
Free radical oxidation has been claimed as one of the most important mechanism of damage in aging and in several diseases. Carbonyl content in tissue and circulating proteins is a stable marker of this attack. In 29 apparently healthy subjects (25-89 years old) carbonyl content of plasma proteins and retinol and tocopherols (alpha- and gamma-) were studied.(More)
Oxidative damage of plasma proteins determined with the markers carbonyl group (CG) content and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) was studied in 13 hemodialyzed and eight kidney-transplanted patients. The level of CGs was 38% higher in hemodialysis (HD) patients (1.49 +/- 0.05 nmol/mg protein) than in the healthy subjects (1.08 +/- 0.03(More)
BACKGROUND specific polymorphisms of genes regulating intracellular redox balance and oxidative stress are related to atherogenesis. Some studies have identified a relationship between progression of atherosclerosis and C242T mutation in CYBA gene coding for p22phox, a subunit of the NADH/NADPH oxidase system. DESIGN we investigated whether the C242T(More)
Up-regulation of LOX-1 is implicated in apoptosis in both vascular smooth muscle cells and in endothelial cells. We examined the effects of doxorubicin on LOX-1 expression in H9c2 cardiomyocytes and the role played by LOX-1 up-regulation in doxorubicin-induced apoptosis. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation was assessed by DCF flow cytometry. LOX-1 mRNA(More)
Recent data suggest that protein glycation is involved in the process of amyloid formation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). To further investigate this issue, we analyzed the presence of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in soluble and insoluble forms of amyloid beta-protein (A beta) as well as in apolipoprotein E (apoE), a protein bound to amyloid(More)