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BACKGROUND The influence of acute graft pyelonephritis (AGPN) on graft outcome in renal transplant recipients still remains controversial. METHODS We retrospectively analysed 189 patients (113 males; mean age: 49.7 ± 13.1 years) undergoing renal transplantation at the University Hospital 12 de Octubre (Madrid, Spain) from January 2002 to December 2004,(More)
We sought to examine the impact of asymptomatic bacteriuria on renal transplant outcome by retrospectively analyzing 189 renal transplant recipients for whom systematic screening uncovered 298 episodes of asymptomatic bacteriuria in 96 recipients. These patients were treated and all were followed for 36 months. Significant risk factors included female(More)
New commercial techniques for determination of the viral load (VL) in plasma are able to detect as few as 20 copies of HIV-1 RNA/ml. The relevance of this new technical threshold is uncertain. Upon multivariate analysis, factors associated with detection of VLs between 20 and 49 copies/ml by the Cobas TaqMan HIV-1 v2.0 assay in an HIV clinic were the basal(More)
BACKGROUND The interaction between interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) expression, IL28B genotypes and hepatitis C treatment outcomes has been mainly evaluated in the liver tissue from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-monoinfected patients but with controversial results. Herein, we examined whether more easily accessible peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)(More)
Boosted protease inhibitor monotherapy has emerged as an antiretroviral alternative option to avoid the use of nucleosides. After more than seven years of research with hundreds of patients exposed to this kind of therapy, controversy about its use remains. While European and Spanish guidelines for the use of antiretroviral therapy in adults include(More)
BACKGROUND Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) and polytropic murine leukemia virus (MLV)-related virus are recently described human gammaretroviruses that have been associated with prostate cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome. These studies have been controversial because a number of laboratories have been unable to find evidence of XMRV(More)
Chagas disease (CD) is an emergent disease in Europe that can behave as an opportunistic infection in HIV positive patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a CD screening programme in an HIV unit. An immunochromatography (ICT) of Trypanosoma cruzi was performed as a screening tool in HIV-positive patients born in CD(More)
We present an HIV-1-infected patient with a profile of transmitted drug resistance (RT M41L, E44D, V118I, L210W, T215D) sustained during more than 10 years in the absence of treatment. Clonal analysis of different plasma and cellular samples within this period did not reveal any reversion to the wild-type genotype.
The risk of developing invasive pneumococcal disease in transplant patients is estimated at 28 to 36 per 1000 patients/year according to the type of organ transplanted. This rate is much higher than the estimated incidence in the general population. This study reviews the current experience regarding the different types of vaccinations against Streptococcus(More)