Silvana Consolo

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The galanin-receptor ligand M40 [galanin-(1-12)-Pro3-(Ala-Leu)2-Ala amide] binds with high affinity to [mono[125I]iodo-Tyr26]galanin-binding sites in hippocampal, hypothalamic, and spinal cord membranes and in membranes from Rin m5F rat insulinoma cells (IC50 = 3-15 nM). Receptor autoradiographic studies show that M40 (1 microM) displaces(More)
The effect of the serotonergic 5-HT4 receptor agonists BIMU 1 and BIMU 8 on in vivo acetylcholine (ACh) release in brain hemispheric regions of freely moving rats was investigated using the microdialysis technique. Both agonists, applied intracerebroventricularly, facilitated the release of ACh selectively in the frontal cortex and were ineffective in the(More)
The role of vesicular and newly synthesized dopamine in the action of amphetamine was investigated by studying the effect of reserpine and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine pretreatment on amphetamine-induced changes in extracellular dopamine and acetylcholine, estimated by brain microdialysis, and on c-fos expression, estimated by quantitative immunohistochemistry(More)
Subcutaneous administration of 8-OH-DPAT dose-dependently increased acetylcholine (ACh) output in frontal cortex of awake rats. The maximal effect of 8-OH-DPAT (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.) was prevented by the 5-HT1A antagonist WAY 100635 (1 mg/kg, s.c.) and by the D1 antagonists SCH 23390 or SCH 39166 (both 0.3 mg/kg, s.c.) but not seven days after chemical lesion of(More)
A high density of galanin binding sites was found by using 125I-labeled galanin, iodinated by chloramine-T, followed by autoradiography in the ventral, but not in the dorsal, hippocampus of the rat. Lesions of the fimbria and of the septum caused disappearance of a major population of these binding sites, suggesting that a large proportion of them is(More)
Intrastriatal application of the D1 antagonist SCH 23390 by two procedures, reverse dialysis (20 microM) and local injection (0.45 nmol per striatum), elicited a reduction in acetylcholine (ACh) release superimposable on that induced by systemic administration. The novel selective D1 antagonist SCH 39166 produced a similar decreasing effect on striatal ACh(More)
The 20-amino acid peptide M-15 binds with high affinity (IC50 approximately 0.1 nM) to 125I-labeled galanin (125I-GAL) binding sites in membranes from the ventral hippocampus, midbrain, and rat spinal cord. Receptor autoradiographic studies show that M-15 can displace 125I-GAL from all labeled sites. M-15 acts as a reversible high-affinity antagonist in(More)
The striatum is viewed as a structure performing fast neurotransmitter-mediated operations through somatotopically organized projections to medium-size spiny neurons. This view is contrasted with another view that depicts the striatum as a site of diffuse modulatory influences mediated by cholinergic interneurons and by dopamine and N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
 Previously, only in vitro studies have shown that chronic administration of morphine provokes long-lasting enhanced activity of accumbal cholinergic neurons, which may contribute to the behavioural sensitization, positive reinforcement and aversive effects associated with enhanced drug-seeking. The present study was aimed at clarifying whether these(More)
Electrical stimulation (ten pulses of 0.5 ms, 10 V applied over 10 s at 10 Hz, 140 microA) delivered bilaterally to the prefrontal cortex or the parafascicular thalamic nucleus of freely moving rats facilitated acetylcholine release in dorsal striata, assessed by trans-striatal microdialysis. The facilitatory effects were blocked by coperfusion with 5(More)