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The metabolic syndrome was recently defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III. Despite a lack of uniform definition of the syndrome in pediatrics, recent studies have shown that the syndrome develops during childhood and is highly prevalent among overweight children and adolescents. The hypothesized central role of insulin resistance and obesity as a common(More)
An insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) score was developed based on clinical risk factors in adults with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes in the Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications (EDC) Study and was validated using euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp studies. Hypertension, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels, family history of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to formulate practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PARTICIPANTS An Endocrine Society-appointed Task Force of experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer developed the guideline. EVIDENCE This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations,(More)
The roles of insulin resistance and insulin secretion in the pathogenesis of glucose intolerance in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were evaluated in 11 adolescents with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and 10 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Hepatic glucose production and insulin-stimulated glucose disposal were measured using [6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose and(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare insulin sensitivity and pancreatic beta-cell function measured by the euglycemic and the hyperglycemic clamp, with simple estimates of insulin sensitivity and pancreatic beta-cell function in youth. Study design We measured insulin sensitivity with a euglycemic clamp and first- and second-phase insulin secretion with a hyperglycemic(More)
Syndrome X, or the syndrome of insulin resistance, is a cluster of related metabolic abnormalities of hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance, increased very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), decreased high density lipoprotein (HDL), and hypertension in nonobese adults and plays an important role in the genesis of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between vitamin D status, total and abdominal adiposity, and lipids in black and white children. METHODS Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], adiposity [body mass index (BMI), percentage of total body fat, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), sc adipose tissue (SAT)], and fasting lipids were(More)
OBJECTIVE Metformin is the most commonly prescribed oral antidiabetic agent in the U.S. for adults with type 2 diabetes. The incidence of type 2 diabetes in children has increased dramatically over the past 10 years, and yet, metformin has never been formally studied in children with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study evaluated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are considered pre-diabetes states. There are limited data in pediatrics in regard to their pathophysiology. We investigated differences in insulin sensitivity and secretion among youth with IFG, IGT, and coexistent IFG/IGT compared with those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT)(More)