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Serum leptin levels reflect the amount of body fat. However, several reports suggest that insulin may also regulate serum leptin levels. This study was aimed at testing whether leptin levels are low in newly diagnosed patients with type 1 diabetes and increase after institution of insulin therapy. Nineteen children with new-onset type 1 diabetes were(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared acylcarnitine (AcylCN) species, common amino acid and fat oxidation (FOX) byproducts, and plasma amino acids in normal weight (NW; n = 39), obese (OB; n = 64), and type 2 diabetic (n = 17) adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fasting plasma was analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry, body composition by dual energy X-ray(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine sex-specific black/white differences in lipoprotein profile and the role of visceral adiposity and to assess the relationship between insulin sensitivity and lipoprotein profiles in each group. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fasting lipoprotein particle size and concentration and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were determined in 226(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are considered pre-diabetes states. There are limited data in pediatrics in regard to their pathophysiology. We investigated differences in insulin sensitivity and secretion among youth with IFG, IGT, and coexistent IFG/IGT compared with those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of an enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), Primary and Secondary Control Enhancement Training (PASCET-PI-2), for physical (obesity) and emotional (depression) disturbances in adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHOD In an open trial, 12 adolescents with PCOS, obesity, and(More)
The optimal exercise modality for reductions of abdominal obesity and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth is unknown. We examined the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) versus resistance exercise (RE) without caloric restriction on abdominal adiposity, ectopic fat, and insulin sensitivity and secretion in youth. Forty-five obese adolescent boys were(More)
Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by near complete absence of adipose tissue from birth. Recently, mutations in 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2 (AGPAT2) and Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 (BSCL2) genes were reported in pedigrees linked to chromosomes 9q34 and 11q13,(More)
OBJECTIVE Using the clamp technique, youths with a clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (CDx-type 2 diabetes) and positive pancreatic autoantibodies (Ab(+)) were shown to have severe impairment in insulin secretion and less insulin resistance than their peers with negative antibodies (Ab(-)). In this study, we investigated whether oral glucose tolerance(More)