Silke Vogelgesang

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The blood–brain barrier (BBB) plays a fundamental role in the integrity of brain homeostasis. Acute disruption and also even slight shifting of equilibrium of structural elements or transport processes might lead to substantial consequences, resulting in neurological disorders (1). There is a fundamental need for the development and improvement of in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND The cardiac effects of statins are subject to controversial discussion, and the mechanism of their uptake into the human heart is unknown. A candidate protein is the organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 2B1 (SLCO2B1), because related transporters are involved in the uptake of statins into the human liver. In this study we examine OATP2B1(More)
Deposition of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) in the brain occurs during normal ageing and is substantially accelerated in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Since Abeta is continuously produced in the brain, it has been suggested that a clearance mechanism should exist to prevent its accumulation and subsequent aggregation. Until now, little attention has(More)
ABC-type transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), modify intracellular concentrations of many substrate compounds. They serve as functional barriers against entry of xenobiotics (e.g., in the gut or the blood-brain barrier) or contribute to drug excretion. Expression of transport proteins in the heart could be an important factor modifying cardiac(More)
Activation-induced cell death (AICD) plays an important role in the regulation of the immune response by eliminating preactivated and potentially autoreactive cells. To elucidate possible abnormalities of AICD in human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we studied AICD in activated T cells from patients with SLE and normal controls. CD3-mediated cell death(More)
Neurovascular dysfunction is an important component of Alzheimer's disease, leading to reduced clearance across the blood-brain barrier and accumulation of neurotoxic β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides in the brain. It has been shown that the ABC transport protein P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1) is involved in the export of Aβ from the brain into the blood. To determine(More)
The abnormal conformation and assembly of proteins in the central nervous system is increasingly thought to be a critical pathogenic mechanism in neurodegenerative disorders such as Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). CJD is marked primarily by the buildup of misfolded prion protein (PrPSc) in brain, whereas the accrual of(More)
The apolipoprotein Eepsilon4 allele (ApoEepsilon4) is associated with a selective increase in deposition of the 40-amino acid form of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta40) in endstage Alzheimer's disease. To determine how apoE genotype affects the early events in beta-amyloid pathogenesis, we analyzed the medial temporal lobes of 244 elderly persons who were(More)
Efforts to improve severely impaired myocardial function include transplantation of autologous hematopoietic side population (SP) stem cells. The transmembrane ABC-type (ATP binding cassette) half-transporter ABCG2 (BCRP) serves as a marker protein for SP cell selection. We have recently shown that other ABC transport proteins such as ABCB1 and ABCC5 are(More)