Silke Mona Bauer

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p38α mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is a main target in drug research concerning inflammatory diseases. Nevertheless, no inhibitor of p38α MAP kinase has been introduced to the market. This might be attributed to the fact that there is no inhibitor which combines outstanding activity in biological systems and selectivity. Herein an approach to the(More)
AIM The histone kinase PRK1 has been identified as a potential target to combat prostate cancer but selective PRK1 inhibitors are lacking. The US FDA -approved JAK1-3 inhibitor tofacitinib also potently inhibits PRK1 in vitro. RESULTS We show that tofacitinib also inhibits PRK1 in a cellular setting. Using tofacitinib as a starting point for(More)
The Janus kinase (JAK) signaling pathway is of particular importance in the pathology of inflammatory diseases and oncological disorders, and the inhibition of Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) with small molecules has proven to provide therapeutic immunosuppression. A novel class of tricyclic JAK inhibitors derived from the(More)
Tetra-substituted imidazoles were designed as dual inhibitors of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) 3 and p38α mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. A library of 45 derivatives was prepared and evaluated in a kinase activity assay for their ability to inhibit both kinases, JNK3 and p38α MAP kinase. Dual inhibitors with IC50 values down to the low double-digit(More)
The Janus kinases (JAKs) are a family of cytosolic tyrosine kinases crucially involved in cytokine signaling. JAKs have been demonstrated to be valid targets in the treatment of inflammatory and myeloproliferative disorders, and two inhibitors, tofacitinib and ruxolitinib, recently received their marketing authorization. Despite this success, selectivity(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE An ethnopharmacological survey indicated that leaves from Eugenia punicifolia (Kunth) DC. (Myrtaceae) are popularly used as a natural therapeutic agent to treat pain and inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY The overall objective of the present study was to evaluate the antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective(More)
The fundamental role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in inflammation underlines their importance as therapeutic targets for various inflammatory medical conditions, including infectious, vascular, neurobiological and autoimmune disease. Although decades of research have yielded several p38 inhibitors, most clinical trials have failed, due(More)
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is a pivotal enzyme in the biosynthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines like IL-1 and TNF. Therefore, the success of anti-cytokine therapy for treatment of inflammatory processes qualified p38-MAPK as a solid target in drug research concerning chronic inflammatory diseases including infectious vascular,(More)
The anti-inflammatory potential of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors was coincidentally expanded to a dual inhibition of p38α MAPK and phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), and the potential benefits arising from the blockage of both inflammation-related enzymes were thoroughly investigated. The most promising compound, CBS-3595 (1), was(More)