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The hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), which consists of the constitutive HIF-1beta and the oxygen-responsive HIF-1alpha subunit, is the master activator of the cellular transcriptional response to hypoxia coordinating gene expression during reduced oxygen tension. Overexpression of HIF-1 and increased transcriptional activity induced by hypoxia are linked(More)
Malignant transformation of melanocytes frequently coincides with loss of E-cadherin expression. Here, we show that loss of E-cadherin leads to induction of nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) activity in melanoma cell lines. Melanoma cells show constitutively active NFkappaB, whereas no activity is found in primary melanocytes. After re-expression of(More)
A fundamental event in the development and progression of malignant melanoma is the deregulation of cancer-relevant transcription factors. We recently showed that c-Jun is a main regulator of tumor progression in melanoma and thus the most important member of the AP-1 transcription factor family for this disease. Interestingly, we revealed that c-Jun(More)
Cell adhesion and migration are essential for embryonic development, tissue regeneration, but also for tumor development. The physical link between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the actin cytoskeleton is mainly mediated by receptors of the integrin family. Through signals transduced upon integrin ligation to ECM proteins, this family of proteins plays(More)
The Dickkopf (DKK) genes were originally identified as factors inducing head formation in Xenopus. The genes code for inhibitors that are involved in Wnt signaling. We speculate that loss of DKK expression plays a role in development or progression of malignant melanoma. Thus, we evaluated melanoma cell lines and tissue samples of malignant melanoma for(More)
The human gene Hugl-1 (Llgl/Lgl1) has significant homology to the Drosophila tumor suppressor gene lethal(2)giant larvae (lgl). The lgl gene codes for a cortical cytoskeleton protein, Lgl, that is involved in maintaining cell polarity and epithelial integrity. We speculate that Hugl-1 might play a role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and that(More)
Anoxygenic photosynthetic proteobacteria exhibit various light responses, including changing levels of expression of photosynthesis genes. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. We show that expression of the puf and puc operons encoding structural proteins of the photosynthetic complexes is strongly repressed by blue light under(More)
High malignancy and early metastasis are hallmarks of melanoma. Here, we report that the transcription factor Snail1 inhibits expression of the tumor suppressor CYLD in melanoma. As a direct consequence of CYLD repression, the protooncogene BCL-3 translocates into the nucleus and activates Cyclin D1 and N-cadherin promoters, resulting in proliferation and(More)
Recently, several important findings on melanoma development and progression have accelerated progress towards a molecular understanding of melanoma biology. Furthermore, the development of experimental tools, such as a wide range of cell lines and animal models of metastasis, has turned melanoma into a model for general tumour research. However, it has(More)
Although the protooncogene c-Jun plays a critical role in cell proliferation, cell death, and malignant transformation, DNA microarray screens have identified only a few human cancer types with aberrant expression of c-Jun. Here, we show that c-Jun accumulation is robustly elevated in human glioblastoma and that this increase contributes to the malignant(More)