Silke Herold

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Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction ratio (OER), oxygen utilization (CMRO2) and blood volume (CBV) were measured in a group of 34 healthy volunteers (age range 22-82 yrs) using the 15O steady-state inhalation method and positron emission tomography. Between subjects CBF correlated positively with CMRO2, although the interindividual(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the pattern of cerebral blood flow observed in chronic schizophrenic patients while they performed a paced verbal fluency task. Such tasks engage a distributed brain system associated with willed action. Since willed action is impaired in many chronic schizophrenic patients we hypothesised that task performance would be(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen utilisation, fractional oxygen extraction (OER) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) were measured by positron emission tomography (PET) in 21 patients with occlusive carotid artery disease. In the same patients, measurements of cerebral CO2 reactivity were performed using the intravenous xenon-133 technique. A(More)
A number of different analytical methods were applied to dynamic scans obtained with [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and positron emission tomography. In particular, methods applying three, four, standard, or no rate constants were compared in four studies on three normal subjects. In addition, regional cerebral blood flow, oxygen utilisation, and blood(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow, blood volume, fractional oxygen extraction and oxygen consumption were measured by positron emission tomography in six patients with sickle cell disease to see how oxygen delivery to the brain is maintained in the presence of both anemia and a low oxygen affinity hemoglobin. Both regional cerebral blood flow and blood volume(More)
The kinetics of the regional cerebral uptake of [11C]3-O-methyl-D-glucose ([11C]MeG), a competitive inhibitor of D-glucose transport, have been studied in normal human subjects and patients with cerebral tumours using positron emission tomography (PET). Concomitant measurement of regional cerebral blood volume and blood flow enabled corrections for the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prenatal phenotype of the 11q deletion syndrome (Jacobsen syndrome) and present the molecular characterization of the deletion in the case presented. CASE Ultrasound at 18 and 20 weeks of gestation, on a 34-year-old woman who presented for amniocentesis, revealed slow movements, oligohydramnios and dilatation of the cerebral(More)
To define the effective spatial resolution of the hydrogen clearance method, serial local CBF (LCBF) measurements were performed at different distances from the cortico-white matter junction of the cat brain. Twenty-five platinum-wire microelectrodes with a sensitive surface of 0.07 mm2 were inserted into the cerebral cortex of three cats through burr holes(More)
Cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism have been studied in 8 patients with biochemically defined mitochondrial myopathies and 7 normal control subjects using positron emission tomography. Four patients had myopathy alone and 4 had predominantly central nervous system (CNS) disease. Cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism were measured concurrently in the(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow, blood volume, fractional oxygen extraction, and oxygen consumption were measured by positron emission tomography in 4 stroke patients prior to and 6 months following omental transposition surgery. Preoperatively, 3 patients showed the typical picture of established infarction with a matched reduction in flow and oxygen(More)