Silke H Hoffmann

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To investigate the impact of aromatic residues within transmembrane helix 6 (TMH6) of the human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRH-R) on agonist and antagonist binding, residues Y(283), Y(284), W(289), Y(290), W(291), and F(292) were exchanged to alanine and analyzed comprehensively in functional reporter gene and ligand binding assays. Whereas(More)
The early stages of otic placode development depend on signals from neighbouring tissues including the hindbrain. The identity of these signals and of the responding placodal genes, however, is not known. We have identified a chick homeobox gene cNkx5-1, which is expressed in the otic placode beginning at stage 10 and exhibits a dynamic expression pattern(More)
We studied the interaction of hematopoietic cell kinase SH3 domain (HckSH3) with an artificial 12-residue proline-rich peptide PD1 (HSKYPLPPLPSL) identified as high affinity ligand (K(D)=0.2 muM). PD1 shows an unusual ligand sequence for SH3 binding in type I orientation because it lacks the typical basic anchor residue at position P(-3), but instead has a(More)
Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in virus replication and particle assembly is of primary fundamental and biomedical importance. Intrinsic conformational disorder plays a prominent role in viral proteins and their interaction with other viral and host cell proteins via transiently populated structural elements. Here, we report on the results(More)
To understand the ligand binding properties of the human GnRH receptor (hGnRH-R), 24 site-specific mutants within transmembrane helices (TMH) 1, 2, and 5 and the extracellular loop 2 (E2) were generated. These mutants were analyzed by using a functional reporter gene assay, monitoring receptor signaling via adenylate cyclase to a cAMP-responsive element(More)
Birch pollinosis is often accompanied by adverse reactions to food due to pollen-allergen specific IgE cross-reacting with homologous food allergens. The tertiary structure of Pru av 1, the major cherry (Prunus avium) allergen, for example, is nearly identical with Bet v 1, the major birch (Betula verrucosa) pollen allergen. In order to define(More)
Src homology 3 (SH3) domains are widely known for their ability to interact with other proteins using the canonical PxxP binding motif. Besides those well-characterized interaction modes, there is an increasing number of SH3 domain-containing complexes that lack this motif. Here we characterize the interaction of SH3 domains, in particular the Bin1-SH3(More)
Allergic reactions to peanuts are a serious health problem because of their high prevalence, associated with potential severity, and chronicity. One of the three major allergens in peanut, Ara h 2, is a member of the conglutin family of seed storage proteins. Ara h 2 shows high sequence homology to proteins of the 2S albumin family. Presently, only very few(More)
BACKGROUND N-myristoylation is a crucial covalent modification of numerous eukaryotic and viral proteins that is catalyzed by N-myristoyltransferase (NMT). Prokaryotes are lacking endogenous NMT activity. Recombinant production of N-myristoylated proteins in E. coli cells can be achieved by coexpression of heterologous NMT with the target protein. In the(More)
The Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of the Src family kinase Lyn binds to the herpesviral tyrosine kinase interacting protein (Tip) more than one order of magnitude stronger than other closely related members of the Src family. In order to identify the molecular basis for high-affinity binding, the structure of free and Tip-bound Lyn-SH3 was determined by NMR(More)