Silke Druffel-Augustin

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The transcription factors neuronal helix-loop-helix protein (NEX)/mammalian atonal homolog 2 (Math-2), BETA2/neuronal determination factor (NeuroD), and NeuroD-related factor (NDRF)/NeuroD2 comprise a family of Drosophila atonal-related basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins with highly overlapping expression in the developing forebrain. The ability of(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of cells to severe heat stress causes not only misfolding and aggregation of proteins but also inhibition of translation and storage of mRNA in cytosolic heat stress granules (heat-SGs), limiting newly synthesized protein influx into overloaded proteome repair systems. How these two heat stress responses connect is unclear. RESULTS(More)
Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) genes have emerged as important regulators of neuronal determination and differentiation in vertebrates. Three putative neuronal differentiation factors [NEX for neuronal helix-loop-helix protein-1 (mammalian atonal homolog-2), neuroD (beta-2), and NDRF for neuroD-related factor (neuroD2)] are highly homologous to each other in(More)
Grp170 and Hsp110 proteins constitute two evolutionary distinct branches of the Hsp70 family that share the ability to function as nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs) for canonical Hsp70s. Although the NEF mechanism of the cytoplasmic Hsp110s is well understood, little is known regarding the mechanism used by Grp170s in the endoplasmic reticulum. In this(More)
Hsp110 proteins are relatives of canonical Hsp70 chaperones and are expressed abundantly in the eukaryotic cytosol. Recently, it has become clear that Hsp110 proteins are essential nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs) for Hsp70 chaperones. Here, we report the architecture of the complex between the yeast Hsp110, Sse1, and its cognate Hsp70 partner, Ssa1, as(More)
The neuropeptide head activator (HA) acts as an autocrine growth factor for the neural cell line NH15-CA2. Cell proliferation is increased in the presence of HA and inhibited by HA peptide-specific antisera. Stimulation of cellular proliferation is visible 2 h after HA application as an increase in cells in mitosis. HA has no direct effect on stimulating(More)
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