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PURPOSE German hospital reimbursement modalities changed as a result of the introduction of Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) in 2004. Therefore, no data on the direct costs of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) resulting in admissions to departments of internal medicine are available. The objective was to quantify the ADR-related economic burden (direct costs) of(More)
Due to its potentially beneficial impact on human health, the polyphenol quercetin has come into the focus of medicinal interest. However, data on the bioavailability of quercetin after oral intake are scarce and contradictory. Previous investigations indicate that the disposition of quercetin may depend on the sugar moiety of the glycoside or the plant(More)
OBJECTIVE Induction of CYP3A by St. John's wort (SJW) products with high hyperforin content is well described. Since CYP3A induction is mediated by hyperforin in a concentration-dependent manner, and SJW preparations differ significantly in hyperforin content, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of an SJW powder with low hyperforin content on(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE St John's wort preparations vary in composition, main constituents, formulation, and daily dose administered. The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible pharmacokinetic interaction of marketed St John's wort formulations and doses with digoxin. METHODS A randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Induction of CYP3A by St. John's wort (SJW) extracts with high hyperforin (HYF) content is well described. Since SJW products vary in the amount of HYF and other main constituents, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect on CYP3A function of SJW preparations with a range from very low to high HYF content. METHODS Forty-two male, healthy(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the noninvasive, in vivo use of electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) as a method for observing the real-time, cellular-level responses of a volume of tissue to therapies. Here, we studied the EIS response during the development and progression of hyperthermia-induced coagulative necrosis in three diverse human xenografts. METHODS(More)
The area under the concentration–time curve (AUC) after oral midazolam administration is commonly used for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A phenotyping studies. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate a limited sampling strategy for the prediction of AUC with oral midazolam. A total of 288 concentration–time profiles from 123 healthy volunteers who(More)
Although clindamycin is recommended for prophylactic use in oral and maxillofacial surgery, there is little data available regarding its ability to provide sufficient tissue concentrations at the operative site. We investigated tissue samples from 31 patients, who had to undergo oral and maxillofacial surgery and who received at least one dose of 600 mg(More)
Extracts from artichoke leaves are traditionally used in the treatment of dyspeptic and hepatic disorders. Various potential pharmacodynamic effects have been observed in vitro for mono- and dicaffeoylquinic acids (e.g. chlorogenic acid, cynarin), caffeic acid and flavonoids (e.g. luteolin-7-O-glucoside) which are the main phenolic constituents of artichoke(More)
It has been demonstrated that total parenteral nutrition (TPN) modulates the function of the hepatic reticuloendothelial system (RES). The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of two different TPN lipid emulsions on the recovery of allograft RES function after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx). In a prospective, double-blind study, OLTx(More)