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This study investigates protein glycosylation in the asexual intraerythrocytic stage of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, and the presence in the infected erythrocyte of the respective precursors. In in vitro cultures, P. falciparum can be metabolically labeled with radioactive sugars, and its multiplication can be affected by glycosylation(More)
1. Pieces of human retina were dissected from eyes enucleated because of malignant tumours. The isolated retinas were perfused by an ionic medium (36 degrees C) and investigated spectrophotometrically.2. Rhodopsin was identified on the basis of its difference spectrum. The maximum absorbance change on bleaching was about 0.1 (lambda = 500 nm).3. The process(More)
Infections with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are a major cause of chronic liver disease. While the acute phase of infection is mostly asymptomatic, this virus has the high propensity to establish persistence and in the course of one to several decades liver disease can develop. HCV is a paradigm for the complex interplay between the interferon (IFN) system(More)
With no antiviral drugs or widely available vaccines, Dengue virus (DENV) constitutes a public health concern. DENV replicates at ER-derived cytoplasmic structures that include substructures called convoluted membranes (CMs); however, the purpose of these membrane alterations remains unclear. We determine that DENV nonstructural protein (NS)4B, a promising(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) is a multifunctional protein playing a crucial role in diverse steps of the viral replication cycle and perturbing multiple host cell pathways. We showed previously that removal of a region in domain 2 (D2) of NS5A (mutant NS5A(D2Δ)) is dispensable for viral replication in hepatoma(More)
Sensing viruses by pattern recognition receptors (PRR) triggers the innate immune system of the host cell and activates immune signaling cascades such as the RIG-I/IRF3 pathway. Mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS, also known as IPS-1, Cardif, and VISA) is the crucial adaptor protein of this pathway localized on mitochondria, peroxisomes and(More)
The HIV-1 pathogenicity factor Nef enhances viral replication by modulation of multiple host cell transport and signaling pathways. Nef associates with membranes via an N-terminal Src homology 4 (SH4) domain, and membrane association is believed to be essential for its biological functions. At which subcellular site(s) Nef exerts its different functions and(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) constitute the primary barrier that separates us from the outside environment. These cells, lining the surface of the intestinal tract, represent a major challenge that enteric pathogens have to face. How IECs respond to viral infection and whether enteric viruses have developed strategies to subvert IECs innate immune(More)
We have purified a soluble rabbit reticulocyte protein, previously termed the supernatant factor, that reverses the inhibition of protein synthesis in hemin-deficient lysate by promoting the inactivation of the hemin-controlled eIF-2 alpha kinase (HCR) mediating the effect of hemin deficiency. We have identified the supernatant factor as a member of the(More)