Learn More
PURPOSE We aimed to identify relapse predictors in children with a B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and an intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 (iAMP21), a novel genetic entity associated with poor outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS We screened 1,625 patients who were enrolled onto the Austrian and German(More)
Although immortalized cell lines have been extensively used to optimize treatment strategies in cancer, the usefulness of such in vitro systems to recapitulate primary disease is limited. Therefore, the design of in vivo models ideally utilizing patient-derived material is of critical importance. In this regard, NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid) IL2rg(tmWjl) /Sz (NSG)(More)
BACKGROUND Trials of imatinib have provided evidence of activity in adults with Philadelphia-chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), but the drug's role when given with multidrug chemotherapy to children is unknown. This study assesses the safety and efficacy of oral imatinib in association with a Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster intensive(More)
We examined the leukemic stem cell potential of blasts at different stages of maturation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Human leukemic bone marrow was transplanted intrafemorally into NOD/scid mice. Cells sorted using the B precursor differentiation markers CD19, CD20, and CD34 were isolated from patient samples and engrafted mice before(More)
Open questions in the pathogenesis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are which hematopoietic cell is target of the malignant transformation and whether primitive stem cells contribute to the leukemic clone. Although good-prognosis ALL is thought to originate in a lymphoid progenitor, it is unclear if this applies to high-risk ALL. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The characteristic chromosomal translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11) in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) mainly results in the two different BCR/ABL fusion transcripts b2a2 or b3a2. Both transcript variants can occur simultaneously due to alternative splicing of the b3a2 transcript. Conflicting results have been reported on the influence of(More)
BACKGROUND The role of microRNAs (miRNAs), important post-transcriptional regulators, in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is just emerging and has been mainly studied in adults. First studies in children investigate single selected miRNAs, however, a comprehensive overview of miRNA expression and function in children and young adults is(More)
Near haploidy (23-29 chromosomes) is a numerical cytogenetic aberration in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) associated with particularly poor outcome. In contrast, high hyperdiploidy (51-67 chromosomes) has a favorable prognosis. Correct classification and appropriate risk stratification of near haploidy is frequently hampered by the presence of(More)
One important question in stem cell biology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is whether immature CD34+CD19- cells are part of the leukemic cell clone. CD34+CD19- cells from the bone marrow of 9 children with TEL/AML1-positive ALL were purified by flow sorting and subjected to reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),(More)
It has increasingly been acknowledged that only a few leukaemic cells possess the capability to renew themselves and that only these self-renewing leukaemic stem cells are able to initiate relapses. Therefore, these leukaemic stem cells should be the target cells for therapy and for minimal residual disease (MRD) detection. Because of its presence on blasts(More)