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BACKGROUND The 3,4-dihydroxy phenyl L-alanine (L-dopa) is a drug of choice for Parkinson's disease, controlling changes in energy metabolism enzymes of the myocardium following neurogenic injury. Aspergillus oryzae is commonly used for L-dopa production; however, potential improvements in ease of handling, growth rate and environmental impact have led to an(More)
In the present study, eight different strains of Geotrichum candidum were isolated and screened for an extracellular exo-inulinase production using chemically enriched sucrose-mineral media. The isolate (Zool-3i) with a better enzyme activity (1.38 IU/ml) was subjected to induced mutagenesis using methyl methane sulphonate (MMS) and a mutant with an enzyme(More)
The present study focused on the improvement of Saccharomyces cerevisiae through random mutagenesis for enhanced production of beta-D-fructofuranosidase (FFase) using sucrose salt media. Sixty strains of S. cerevisiae were isolated from different fruits and soil samples and screened for FFase production. Enzyme productivity of different yeast isolates(More)
The kinetics of an extracellular β-d-fructofuranosidase fructohydrolase production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a chemically defined medium, i.e., sucrose peptone agar yeast extract at pH 6, was investigated. The wild-type was treated with a chemical mutagen, methyl methane sulfonate. Among the six mutants isolated, methyl methane sulfonate-V was found to(More)
The present study describes citric acid fermentation by Aspergillus niger GCB-47 in a 15-1 stainless steel stirred fermentor. Among the alcohols tested as stimulating agents, 1.0% (v/v) methanol was found to give maximum amount of anhydrous citric acid (90.02 +/- 2.2 g/l), 24 h after inoculation. This yield of citric acid was 1.96 fold higher than the(More)
A semisynthetic, autoclavable, liquid medium that does not require inclusion of fetal calf serum (FCS) for the successful cultivation of Leishmania promastigotes in vitro is described. The parasites were grown in commercially available medium 199 supplemented with 10% FCS and 2% mammalian urine and the growth was compared with the same medium without FCS.(More)
BACKGROUND The amino acid derivative 3,4-dihydroxy L-phenylalanine (L-dopa) is gaining interest as a drug of choice for Parkinson's disease. Aspergillus oryzae is commonly used for L-dopa production; however, a slower growth rate and relatively lower tyrosinase activity of mycelia have led to an increasing interest in exploiting alternative fungal cultures.(More)
The present work describes the inducive effect of cresoquinone on microbiological transformation of L-tyrosine to 3,4 dihydroxy phenyl L-alanine ( L-DOPA) by Aspergillus oryzae NG-11(P1). Mould mycelium was used for biochemical conversion of L-tyrosine to L-DOPA because tyrosinases, beta-carboxylases and tyrosine hydroxylases are intracellular enzymes. The(More)
The present investigation deals with citric acid production by some selected mutant strains of Aspergillus niger from cane molasses in 250 ml Erlenmeyer flasks. For this purpose, a conidial suspension of A. niger GCB-75, which produced 31.1 g/l citric acid from 15% (w/v) molasses sugar, was subjected to UV-induced mutagenesis. Among the 3 variants, GCM-45(More)
Two isoenzymes of endo-1,4-beta-xylanase (EC from Scopulariopsis sp. were purified by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, hydrophobic interaction, and anion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The native mol wts of the least acidic xylanase (LAX) and the highly acidic xylanase (HAX) were 25 and 144 kDa and the subunit mol wts(More)