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Defibrotide (DF) is a mixture of porcine-derived single-stranded phosphodiester oligonucleotides (9-80-mer; average, 50-mer) that has been successfully used to treat severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease (sVOD) with multiorgan failure (MOF) in patients who have received cytotoxic chemotherapy in preparation for bone marrow transplantation. However, its(More)
PURPOSE Bcl-2 is an apoptotic protein that is highly expressed in advanced melanoma. Several strategies have been employed to target the expression of this protein, including G3139, an 18-mer phosphorothioate oligodeoxyribonucleotide targeted to the initiation region of the Bcl-2 mRNA. This compound has recently completed phase III global clinical(More)
PURPOSE We examined the effects of G3139 on the interaction of heparin-binding proteins [e.g., fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and collagen I] with endothelial cells. G3139 is an 18-mer phosphorothioate oligonucleotide targeted to the initiation codon region of the Bcl-2 mRNA. A randomized, prospective global phase III trial in advanced melanoma (GM301)(More)
G3139 is an 18mer phosphorothioate oligonucleotide targeted to the initiation codon region of the Bcl-2 mRNA. Because of the ability of this antisense construct to downregulate the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein, it has entered phase III clinical trials in a number of human cancers, including advanced melanoma. However, the actual mechanism of this(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of the function of Bcl-2 protein has been postulated to sensitize cells to cytotoxic chemotherapy. G3139 (Genasense) is a phosphorothioate anti-Bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotide, but its mechanism of action is uncertain. The aim of the present work is to investigate inhibition of Bcl-2 expression in 518A2 melanoma cells, the cell line on(More)
In a previous study, we showed that G3139, an antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotide that down-regulates the expression of Bcl-2 protein, did not cause chemosensitization of 518A2 melanoma cells. In this work, we show that G3139, and the 2-base mismatch, G4126, can initiate apoptosis in this and other melanoma cell lines as shown by increased cell(More)
TOK-001 and abiraterone are potent 17-heteroarylsteroid (17-HAS) inhibitors of Cyp17, one of the rate-limiting enzymes in the biosynthesis of testosterone from cholesterol in prostate cancer cells. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism underlying the prevention of prostate cell growth by 17-HASs still remains elusive. Here, we assess the effects of 17-HASs(More)
For the past 15-20 years, the intracellular delivery and silencing activity of oligodeoxynucleotides have been essentially completely dependent on the use of a delivery technology (e.g. lipofection). We have developed a method (called 'gymnosis') that does not require the use of any transfection reagent or any additives to serum whatsoever, but rather takes(More)
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