Sigrun Helga Lund

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BACKGROUND Data on the potential influence of macroeconomic recessions on maternal diseases during pregnancy are scarce. We aimed to assess potential change in prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders (preeclampsia and gestational hypertension) during the first years of the major national economic recession in Iceland, which started abruptly(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have compared the prognosis and liver-related mortality in patients with NAFLD (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) and AFLD (alcoholic fatty liver disease). We aimed to investigate the etiology and liver-related mortality of patients with liver biopsy verified fatty liver disease in a population based setting. METHODS In this(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate a mathematical algorithm that calculates risk of diabetic retinopathy progression in a diabetic population with UK staging (R0-3; M1) of diabetic retinopathy. To establish the utility of the algorithm to reduce screening frequency in this cohort, while maintaining safety standards. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The cohort of 9690(More)
Motivation: In this paper the TileShuffle method is evaluated as a search method for candidate lncRNAs at 8q24.2. The method is run on three microarrays. Microarrays which all contained the same sample and repeated copies of tiled probes. This allows the coherence of the selection method within and between microarrays to be estimated by Monte Carlo(More)
Long non-coding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) have been proposed as biomarkers in prostate cancer. This paper proposes a selection method which uses data from tiled microarrays to identify relatively long regions of moderate expression independent of the microarray platform and probe design. The method is used to search for candidate long non-coding(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in Western societies has decreased in the last decades, whereas prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased. Our objective was to study secular trends and patterns of smoking and body weight among pregnant women in Iceland, during a period of dramatic changes in the nation's economy. METHODS On(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell disorder preceded by monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). Incidence of MM and MGUS is higher among patients with autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether a history of autoimmunity has an impact on survival in MM and MGUS. Using high-quality national Swedish registries, we(More)
In this paper the effect of SNPs on expression levels in Nimblegen RNA expression microarrays is investigated. A vast number of replicates of probe pairs representing both alleles of SNPs on 14 loci allows accurate estimation of the difference in signal intensities both within and between probe pairs. The majority of probe-pairs with sufficiently high(More)
BACKGROUND The adverse health effects of high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exposure are well known, though the possible effects of low concentrations have not been thoroughly studied. The aim was to study short-term associations between modelled ambient low-level concentrations of intermittent hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and emergency hospital visits(More)
Objectives The purpose of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of recently developed suppositories containing free fatty acids as a bowel-cleansing agent prior to flexible sigmoidoscopy and compare them with Klyx (docusate sodium/sorbitol). Design A controlled, non-inferiority, single-blind, randomised study on outpatients undergoing flexible(More)
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