Sigridur Klara Bodvarsdottir

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BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutations increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Tumour cells from germline mutation carriers have frequently lost the wild-type allele. This is predicted to result in genomic instability where cell survival depends upon dysfunctional checkpoint mechanisms. Tumorigenic potential could then be acquired through further genomic(More)
In this study 759 breast cancer patients, including 9 BRCA1 and 98 BRCA2 mutation carriers, and 653 mutation-negative unaffected controls were genotyped for the AURKA 91T -->A polymorphism. Individuals homozygous for the 91A allele were found to be at increased risk of breast cancer compared to 91T homozygotes (OR=1.87; 95% CI=1.09-3.21). This association(More)
Potential interaction of Aurora-A amplification and BRCA2 mutation was examined in breast tumours from BRCA2 999del5 mutation carriers (n=20) and non-carriers (n=41). Aurora-A amplification studied by FISH was significantly more common in breast tumours from BRCA2 mutation carriers (p=0.0005). Extensive Aurora-A amplification was also detected on metaphase(More)
In the present study the possible involvement of telomeres in chromosomal instability of breast tumors and cell lines from BRCA2 mutation carriers was examined. Breast tumors from BRCA2 mutation carriers showed significantly higher frequency of chromosome end-to-end fusions (CEFs) than tumors from non-carriers despite normal telomere DNA content. Frequent(More)
A new approach to cancer and new methods in examining rare human chromosome breakage syndromes have brought to light complex interactions between different pathways involved in damage response, cell cycle checkpoint control and DNA repair. The genes affected in these different syndromes are involved in networks of processes that respond to DNA damage and(More)
Inherited mutations in the BRCA2 gene greatly increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Consistent with an important role for BRCA2 in error-free DNA repair, complex genomic changes are frequently observed in tumors derived from BRCA2 mutation carriers. Here, we explore the impact of DNA copy-number changes in BRCA2 tumors with respect to phenotype and(More)
Aurora kinases play a vital part in successful mitosis and cell division. Aberrant Aurora-A and -B expression is commonly seen in various types of tumors. Small molecule Aurora inhibitors have already entered clinical trials. Aurora-A amplification has been shown to be associated with breast tumors from BRCA2-mutation carriers and such patients might(More)
Overexpression of the Aurora A kinase has been shown to have prognostic value in breast cancer. Previously, we showed a significant association between AURKA gene amplification and BRCA2 mutation in breast cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of Aurora A overexpression on breast cancer arising in BRCA2 mutation carriers. Aurora(More)
Background: Germline BRCA2 mutations increase risk of breast cancer and other malignancies. BRCA2 has been shown to play a role in telomere protection and maintenance. Telomere length (TL) has been studied as a modifying factor for various diseases, including breast cancer. Previous research on TL in BRCA mutation carriers has produced contradicting(More)
An epithelial cell line, referred to as A163, was established from breast carcinoma derived from a patient with a strong family history of breast cancer but no known breast cancer susceptibility mutation. A163 was propagated in a serum-free culture medium including the epidermal growth factor. Immunophenotypic characterization demonstrated a mixed luminal(More)