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BACKGROUND Actinic keratoses (AKs) are the most common premalignant tumors. Without treatment, a significant number of patients with AK will experience squamous cell carcinoma. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the new highly selective photosensitizer methyl 5-aminolevulinate is a promising new treatment modality for AK. OBJECTIVE We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 are produced by fibroblasts in response to photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) and are considered to be involved in the antisclerotic effects of ALA-PDT observed in the treatment of localized scleroderma. OBJECTIVES As the(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare, heterogeneous disease, which affects different organs and therefore requires interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic management. To improve the detection and follow-up of patients presenting with different disease manifestations, an interdisciplinary registry was founded with contributions from different(More)
As a result of both the better understanding of complex plasma phenomena and the development of new plasma sources in the past few years, plasma medicine has developed into an innovative field of research showing high potential. While thermal plasmas have long been used in various medical fields (for instance for cauterization and sterilization of medical(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a modern therapy modality, based upon the application of a photosensitizing agent like aminolevulinic acid, a physiological precursor of porphyrins, onto the tissue followed by illumination with light of the visible wavelength spectrum. During this oxygen-dependent reaction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated that have(More)
Factors influencing the initiation or progression of sclerosis in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) are poorly understood. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemokine, which is upregulated in fibroblasts during development of sclerosis. In this study, we investigated the frequency of the functional -2518G MCP-1 promoter polymorphism in(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial colonization of chronic wounds slows healing. Cold atmospheric plasma has been shown in vitro to kill a wide range of pathogenic bacteria. Objectives To examine the safety and efficiency of cold atmospheric argon plasma to decrease bacterial load as a new medical treatment for chronic wounds. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-eight chronic(More)
In the last twenty years new antibacterial agents approved by the U.S. FDA decreased whereas in parallel the resistance situation of multi-resistant bacteria increased. Thus, community and nosocomial acquired infections of resistant bacteria led to a decrease in the efficacy of standard therapy, prolonging treatment time and increasing healthcare costs.(More)
Candida albicans is one of the main species able to form a biofilm on almost any surface, causing both skin and superficial mucosal infections. The worldwide increase in antifungal resistance has led to a decrease in the efficacy of standard therapies, prolonging treatment time and increasing health care costs. Therefore, the aim of this work was to(More)
Widespread use of antibiotics for bacterial infections is a reason for antibiotic resistance. Therefore, alternatives like photodynamic therapy (PDT) are studied for bacterial eradication.The viability of Staphylococcus (S.) aureus and S. epidermidis was studied following photosensitisation with different concentrations of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) or(More)