Sigrid Karrer

Learn More
BACKGROUND Actinic keratoses (AKs) are the most common premalignant tumors. Without treatment, a significant number of patients with AK will experience squamous cell carcinoma. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the new highly selective photosensitizer methyl 5-aminolevulinate is a promising new treatment modality for AK. OBJECTIVE We investigated the(More)
Despite of the approval of Photofrin in various countries, chemically defined sensitizers for photodynamic therapy (PDT) are still needed for the absorption of light in the infrared spectrum, which provides a maximal penetration of light into tissue. Therefore, both the efficacy and the mechanism of action of the clinically approved dye indocyanine green(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare, heterogeneous disease, which affects different organs and therefore requires interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic management. To improve the detection and follow-up of patients presenting with different disease manifestations, an interdisciplinary registry was founded with contributions from different(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 are produced by fibroblasts in response to photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) and are considered to be involved in the antisclerotic effects of ALA-PDT observed in the treatment of localized scleroderma. OBJECTIVES As the(More)
Factors influencing the initiation or progression of sclerosis in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) are poorly understood. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemokine, which is upregulated in fibroblasts during development of sclerosis. In this study, we investigated the frequency of the functional -2518G MCP-1 promoter polymorphism in(More)
Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has the potential to interact with tissue or cells leading to fast, painless and efficient disinfection and furthermore has positive effects on wound healing and tissue regeneration. For clinical implementation it is necessary to examine how CAP improves wound healing and which molecular changes occur after the CAP treatment.(More)
Over the past few years, the application of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) in medicine has developed into an innovative field of research of rapidly growing importance. One promising new medical application of CAP is cancer treatment. Different studies revealed that CAP may potentially affect the cell cycle and cause cell apoptosis or necrosis in tumor cells(More)
BACKGROUND The development of antibiotic resistance by microorganisms is an increasing problem in medicine. In chronic wounds, bacterial colonization is associated with impaired healing. Cold atmospheric plasma is an innovative promising tool to deal with these problems. OBJECTIVES The 5-min argon plasma treatment has already demonstrated efficacy in(More)
CYLD is a deubiquitination enzyme that regulates different cellular processes, such as cell proliferation and cell survival. Mutation and loss of heterozygosity of the CYLD gene causes development of cylindromatosis, a benign tumour originating from the skin. Our study shows that CYLD expression is dramatically downregulated in basal cell carcinoma (BCC),(More)