Sigrid Hofer

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1. In NIH3T3 fibroblasts, the chloride channel involved in regulatory volume decrease (RVD) was identified as ICln, a protein isolated from a cDNA library derived from Madin Darby canine Kidney (MDCK) cells. ICln expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes gives rise to an outwardly rectifying chloride current, sensitive to the extracellular addition of nucleotides(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has received immense interest as an antimicrobial and antitumoral effector system of mononuclear phagocytes from rodents. Because there is increasing doubt that an analogous system exists in human macrophages, NOS was reexamined in these cells. Under tightly controlled conditions, with murine macrophages as positive controls,(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) maturation is essential for the initiation of T-dependent immune responses. Nuclear factor kappa B/Rel (NF kappa B/Rel) transcription factors are ubiquitously expressed signalling molecules, known to regulate the transcription of a large number of genes involved in immune responses, including cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been nicknamed "murderer" and "mediator" because it has toxic and signaling properties. We review these two aspects of NO synthesis from the perspective of the clinical infectious disease specialist by considering the potential of NO as an endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) in inflammation and sepsis and its potential as an(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is frequently associated with overexpression of a 170-kDa P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Data suggest altered protein kinase C (PKC) activity in cells expressing the multidrug-resistant phenotype. The staurosporine derivative CGP 41251, an experimental anticancer drug, has been shown to exert selectivity for inhibition of protein kinase C(More)
It has previously been shown that dexniguldipine-HCl (B8509-035) is a potent chemosensitizer in multidrug resistant cells [Hofmann et al., J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 118: 361-366, 1992]. It is shown here that dexniguldipine-HCl causes a dose-dependent reduction of the labeling of the P-glycoprotein by azidopine, indicating a competition of dexniguldipine-HCl(More)
Streptomyces lividans 66 was transformed with a plasmid containing the regulatory region of the Streptomyces fradiae aph gene and a structural gene that specifies bovine growth hormone (bGH). When grown in liquid culture the transformant contained a protein identical to authentic bGH, as judged by radioimmunoassay and immuno-blotting (Western analysis). The(More)
Nitric oxide is a recently discovered biomolecule with a broad range of actions. The present study investigated the regulation of nitric oxide synthase activity by dexamethasone and the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin in murine macrophages. The influence of the tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis inhibitors 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine, an inhibitor of GTP(More)