Sigrid B. Schnack-Schiel

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The fatty acid and alcohol compositions of the Antarctic copepods Oithona similis, Oncaea curvata, Oncaea antarctica and the Arctic Oncaea borealis were determined to provide the first data on their lipid biochemistry and to expand the present knowledge on their feeding modes and life-cycle strategies. All these tiny species contained high amounts of wax(More)
Free-floating sediment traps used on a transect from Scotia Sea to Weddell Sea collected larger, more degraded, krill faecal strings in the deeper (150 m) than in the 50 or 75 m traps. The smallest faecal strings were only present in the shallower traps. Sinking velocity of smaller faecal strings was — as expected — much lower than for larger ones, with a(More)
Different approaches to the study of life cycle strategies of Antarctic copepods are described in an attempt to shed new light on our present knowledge. To date, most studies were carried out on abundance, horizontal and vertical distribution and stage composition during different seasons and in various regions. Hence, the seasonal pictures had to be(More)
In the framework of the R.V. Polarstern expedition ‘‘Ice station POLarstern’’ (ISPOL) spatial and temporal trends in composition, abundance and age structure of sea ice inhabiting copepods were investigated in the western Weddell Sea during the transition from the spring to the summer state. For the spatial scale, sea-ice coring was performed at six(More)
Sea-ice meiofauna was studied during various cruises to the Weddell Sea. Foraminifers dominate (75%) the sea-ice community in terms of numerical abundance while turbellarians dominate (45%) in terms of biomass. Distribution of organisms is patchy and varies considerably between cruises but also between sampling sites within one cruise. The bulk of the(More)
The diets and feeding activity patterns of two dominant Antarctic copepods, Calanus propinquus and Calanoides acutus, were studied throughout the seasonal cycle on material from several "Polarstern" cruises to the southeastern Weddell Sea. The observed differences in feeding patterns were closely linked with the peculiarities of the life-cycle strategies(More)
The quantitative and qualitative distribution of phytoplankton was investigated along five North–South transects in the eastern Weddell Sea during the transition from late autumn to winter. Relationships with the regional hydrography, progressing sea ice coverage, nutrient distribution and zooplankton are discussed and compared with data from other seasons.(More)
The main reproductive period of herbivorous Antarctic copepods is coupled to the phytoplankton bloom in spring, while omnivorous or carnivorous species apparently reproduce year round. However, our knowledge of the reproduction during autumn and winter is limited. Therefore this study during a cruise with RV "Polarstern" aimed to measure reproductive(More)
The Antarctic copepod species Rhincalanus gigas, Calanoides acutus and Calanus propinquus were studied in the area of the Antarctic Peninsula in May 1986. Research was focussed on vertical distribution and stage composition of the populations. Rhincalanus gigas occurred in greatest densities in the upper layers of the water column, and copepodite stages CI(More)
The salinity tolerance of two dominant Antarctic planktic copepods (Calanus propinquus and Metridia gerlachei) was tested over a range from 34 to 85 PSU and compared with that of sympagic turbellarians. The copepods survived only at a salinity of 34, higher salinities causing death within days. The turbellarians survived at salinities up to 75. The data(More)