Signy Reynisdottir

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Catecholamines play a central role in the regulation of energy expenditure, in part by stimulating lipid mobilization through lipolysis in fat cells. The beta-2 adrenoceptor (BAR-2) is a major lipolytic receptor in human fat cells. To determine whether known polymorphisms in codons 16, 27, and 164 of this receptor play a role in obesity and subcutaneous(More)
Upper body obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Little is known about the regulation of body fat distribution, but leptin may be involved. This study examined the secretion of leptin in subcutaneous and omental fat tissue in 15 obese and 8 nonobese women. Leptin secretion rates were two to three times higher in subcutaneous than in omental fat(More)
Bearing in mind the importance of upper-body obesity for the insulin resistance (or metabolic) syndrome and the abnormalities in free fatty acid metabolism associated with this disorder, the regulation of lipolysis in isolated subcutaneous adipocytes was investigated in 13 72-yr old upper-body obese men with insulin resistance and glucose intolerance and in(More)
The pathophysiology of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is unknown, but altered lipid turnover in peripheral tissues as well as hepatic overproduction of apolipoprotein B have been suggested as possible causes. In the present study, we explored whether a change in triglyceride breakdown by lipolysis in fat cells is present in FCHL. Lipolysis(More)
High plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity is a frequent finding in obesity, and both PAI-1 and obesity are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. To study the mechanisms underlying increased PAI-1 levels in obese individuals, gene expression and secretion of PAI-1 were measured in human abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue. A total(More)
Upper-body obesity is an important risk factor for developing non-insulin dependent diabetes. To investigate the possibility that a lipolysis defect is present in this form of obesity, we examined the adrenergic regulation of lipolysis in abdominal subcutaneous fat cells from 25 women with upper-body obesity and 24 non-obese women. Lipolytic noradrenaline(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of four weeks treatment with a strictly defined very low calorie diet (VLCD) on the regulation of adipocyte matabolism in vitro in subcutaneous fat cells of obese subjects. DESIGN Prospective study. SUBJECTS Nine obese, but otherwise healthy and drug-free women aged 26-48 years with BMI 36.4-51.9 kg/m2 were(More)
Decreased lipolytic effect of catecholamines in adipose tissue has repeatedly been demonstrated in obesity and may be a cause of excess accumulation of body fat. However, the mechanisms behind this lipolysis defect are unclear. The role of hormone-sensitive lipase was examined using abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes from 34 obese drug-free and otherwise(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of a polymorphism in codon 27 (Gln27Glu) of the beta 2-adrenoceptor gene for obesity in males compared to previously investigated females with an association of this polymorphism to obesity. DESIGN Population-based study. SETTING Medical department at a University Hospital. SUBJECTS A total of 138 non-related Swedish(More)
The existence of lipolytic beta-adrenoceptor (BAR) resistance was investigated in vivo and in isolated abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes in 65 healthy and drug-free subjects. The concentration of isoprenaline (nonselective BAR agonist) causing half-maximum lipolysis effect (ED50) varied bimodally and 10(6)-fold between individuals but was almost constant in(More)