Signy Bendiksen

Learn More
Introduction: Chemerin is a chemotactic peptide which directs leukocytes expressing the chemokine-like receptor ChemR23 towards sites of inflammation. ChemR23 is a G protein-coupled receptor which binds several different ligands, and it is also expressed by other cell types such as adipocytes. In addition to chemotaxis, recent reports suggest that ChemR23(More)
The etiology of viruses in osteoarthritis remains controversial because the prevalence of viral nucleic acid sequences in peripheral blood or synovial fluid from osteoarthritis patients and that in healthy control subjects are similar. Until now the presence of virus has not been analyzed in cartilage. We screened cartilage and chondrocytes from advanced(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with unknown aetiology. The major hallmark of this disease is the presence of antibodies against nuclear components, including double-stranded (ds)DNA and histones. The disease affects different organs, particularly the skin, kidneys and the nervous system. Although the exact molecular mechanisms(More)
It has been demonstrated that T cells stimulated with nucleosome-polyomavirus T-antigen (self-nonself) complexes, but not nucleosomes, activate autoimmune nucleosome-specific T cells. As these cells may be naïve, such observations do not show that anergic T cells are reactivated. To understand the regulation of autoimmunity, this is important to assess, and(More)
In this chapter, polyomaviruses will be presented in an immunological context. Principal observations will be discussed to elucidate humoral and cellular immune responses to different species of the polyomaviruses and to individual viral structural and regulatory proteins. The role of immune responses towards the viruses or their proteins in context of(More)
OBJECTIVE Investigators in this study undertook to determine whether in vitro antigen-responsive immune (polyomavirus T antigen [T-ag]- specific) and autoimmune (histone-specific) T cells from normal individuals share structural and genetic characteristics with those from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Histone-specific T cells(More)
The mechanism(s) responsible for autoimmunity to DNA and nucleosomes in SLE is largely unknown. We have demonstrated that nucleosome-polyomavirus T-Ag complexes, formed in context of productive polyomavirus infection, activate dsDNA-specific B cells and nucleosome-specific CD4(+) T cells. To investigate whether de novo expressed T-Ag is able to terminate(More)
We have previously demonstrated that in vivo expression of the polyomavirus DNA-binding T-antigen initiated production of IgG antibodies to T-antigen and to DNA, but not to a panel of autoantigens not related to nucleosomes, indicating an antigen-selective T cell-dependent B cell response. In this study, we demonstrate that CD4-positive T cells from both(More)
The ubiquitous human polyomaviruses BK (BKV) and JC (JCV) persist with no adverse effects in immunocompetent individuals. Virus-induced pathogenesis has been linked to virus reactivation during impaired immune conditions. Previous studies have shown a significant difference between the VP1 DNA sequences of JCV obtained from control urine samples and those(More)
Binary tetracycline-regulated polyomavirus large T antigen transgenic mice were generated to study immunological tolerance for nucleosomes. Expression of T antigen resulted in binding of the protein to chromatin, and released T antigen-nucleosome complexes from dying cells maintained anti-dsDNA and anti-nucleosome antibody-production by activating(More)