Sigmar Ries

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The adenovirus mutant dl1520 (ONYX-015) does not express the E1B-55K protein that binds and inactivates p53. This virus replicates in tumor cells with mutant p53, but not in normal cells with functional p53. Although intra-tumoral injection of dl1520 shows promising responses in patients with solid tumors, previous in vitro studies have not established a(More)
Caveolin-3 protein is the only member of the caveolin family that shows a unique muscle-specific expression pattern, and loss of its functional activity causes muscular dystrophy. Caveolin-3 mRNA levels are dramatically increased during the formation of myotubes in the C2C12 cell line. In this study, we characterized the human caveolin-3 5'-flanking region.(More)
Cells from the human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 differentiate towards a macrophage-like phenotype when stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate -13- acetate (PMA), 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3, and various other agents. We demonstrate here that the expression of the lysosomal enzyme acid sphingomyelinase (ASM; E.C. 3.1.4.12) is induced during this process(More)
Human lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is a hydrolase required for the cleavage of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides derived from plasma lipoproteins. It is shown here that during monocyte to macrophage differentiation, the expression of LAL-mRNA is induced. This induction is dependent on protein kinase C activity and protein synthesis. The cell type-specific(More)
Survival of patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme (GM), a highly malignant brain tumor, remains poor despite concerted efforts to improve therapy. The median survival of patients with GM has remained approximately 1 year regardless of the therapeutic approach. Since radiation therapy is the most effective adjuvant therapy for GM and nearly half of GM tumors(More)
Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) and Wolman disease are both autosomal recessive disorders associated with reduced activity and genetic defects of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). We provide evidence that the strikingly more severe course of Wolman disease is caused by genetic defects of LAL that leave no residual enzyme activity. In a CESD patient, a G(More)
We isolated a full-length cDNA encoding human caveolin 3, which is 72% and 59% homologous to human caveolin 1 and caveolin 2, respectively. Human caveolin 3 protein contains the 'caveolin signature sequence' and the 33 amino acids spanning intramembrane domain common to all caveolins. Northern blot analysis indicates that the caveolin 3 transcript is 1.6 kb(More)
Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) and Wolman disease (WD) are both autosomal recessive disorders associated with reduced activity and genetic defects of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). The strikingly more severe course of WD is caused by genetic defects of LAL that leave no residual enzymatic activity. Mutations at the exon 8/intron 8 transition of the(More)
Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) and Wolman disease (WD) are both autosomal recessive disorders associated with reduced activity of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL), that leads to the tissue accumulation of cholesteryl esters in endosomes and lysosomes. WD is caused by genetic defects of LAL that leave no residual enzymatic activity, while in CESD(More)